The following documentation describes the process of updating Samba to a newer version.
If you want to migrate a Samba NT4 domain to Samba Active Directory (AD), see Migrating a Samba NT4 Domain to Samba AD (Classic Upgrade).
|Microsoft stopped supporting Windows NT 4.0 on December 31, 2004 and twice recently they have broken compatibility to it in Windows 10. It is probably just a matter of time until they decide not to fix a break. Samba, like Microsoft, advises upgrading to Active Directory.|
Misconceptions About Samba 4
|If you update to Samba 4 and later, you do not have to migrate to Active Directory.|
The Active Directory (AD) Domain Controller (DC) support is one of the enhancements introduced in Samba 4.0. However all newer versions include the features of previous versions - including the NT4-style (classic) domain support. This means you can update a Samba 3.x NT4-style primary domain controller (PDC) to a recent version, as you previously updated, for example from 3.4.x to 3.5.x. There is no need to migrate an NT4-style domain to an AD.
Additionally, all recent versions continue to support setting up a new NT4-style PDC. The AD support in Samba 4.0 and later is optional and does not replace any of the PDC features. The Samba team understand the difficulty presented by existing LDAP structures. For that reason, there is no plan to remove the classic PDC support. Additionally we continue testing the PDC support in our continuous integration system.
The Update Process
Run the following steps, whether you are updating a Samba Active Directory (AD) domain controller (DC), a Samba NT4-style PDC, a Samba domain member, or a standalone installation:
- Stop all Samba services.
- Create a backup.
- Read the release notes of skipped versions. They contain important information, such as new features, changed parameter, and bug fixes. In case you switch to new major release, read the release notes of the initial version (x.y.0) and the ones from minor versions up to the new version you will update to. For example, if you update from 4.4.4 to 4.6.2, read the 4.5.0, 4.6.0, 4.6.1, and 4.6.2 release notes.
- Install the latest version over your existing one:
- If you compile Samba from the sources, use the same
configureoptions as used for your previous version. For more information, see Build Samba From the Sources.
- If you compile Samba from the sources, use the same
- If you update using packages, read the distribution documentation for information how to update.
- Start Samba.
- Start the same daemons as on your previous version:
- On Samba AD DCs:
- On Samba NT4-style PDC/BDCs:
- On Samba domain members:
winbind, if used)
- On Samba standalone hosts:
- On Samba AD DCs:
- Check your Samba log files for errors.
- Test your updated installation.
Upgrading Active Directory Domain Controllers
Upgrading your AD DCs gets a little bit more complicated, due to things like database compatibility and managing FSMO roles. We recommend that you:
- Run the Samba AD DC database check as part of testing your updated installation.
- Refer to Updating_Multiple_Samba_Domain_Controllers for the safest way to roll out an upgrade to your DC network.
- Be aware of database compatibility when downgrading an Active Directory DC across a major release.
Notable Enhancements and Changes
If you are updating Samba, always read the release notes of all versions between the previous and the one you are updating to. They contain important and additional information on new features, changed parameter options, and so on.
This section provides an overview about important changes that require your attention to fix problems of previous versions, avoid a negative performance impact, and so on.
Changes Affecting All Samba Installation Modes
File Execution Permissions
4.0.0 and later
Previously, Samba did not check the execution bit of files. As a consequence, users could execute files, such as
*.bat, on a share, if the x-bit was not set. Samba has been enhanced and now denies to execute a file if the x-bit is not set. In situations, such as when upgrading from a previous version, your executable files can be missing the x-bit. As a workaround, you can enable the old behaviour, if you set the following parameter for individual shares or in the
acl allow execute always = yes
Samba Active Directory Domain Controllers
ntvfs File Server Back End Has Been Disabled
4.5.0 and later
Previously, Samba enabled users to provision a domain controller (DC) using the
ntvfs file server back end. This back end was never supported, and thus the
ntvfs feature is no longer build by default in Samba 4.5.0. Consequently, starting the
samba service on a DC using the
ntvfs back end failed after the update and the following error is logged:
[2016/09/01 08:00:00.000000, 0, pid=995] ../source4/smbd/service.c:98(server_service_startup) Failed to start service 'smb' - NT_STATUS_INVALID_SYSTEM_SERVICE [2016/09/01 08:00:00.000000, 0, pid=995] ../lib/util/become_daemon.c:111(exit_daemon) STATUS=daemon failed to start: Samba failed to start services, error code -1073741796
To fix the problem, migrate the file server back end on your DC to the supported
s3fs back end. For details, see Migrating the ntvfs File Server Back End to s3fs.
Fixing replPropertyMetaData Attributes
4.5.0 and later
Samba versions prior to 4.5.0 stored the
replPropertyMetaData attribute incorrectly. As a consequence, administrators could experience, for example, renaming conflicts. The problem has been fixed in 4.5.0 and later versions and Samba now stores the attribute correctly. The
samba-tool utility has been enhanced to detect incorrectly stored
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs
To fix the attributes, run:
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --fix --yes ... CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com: 0x00000003 CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com: 0x00000000 ERROR: unsorted attributeID values in replPropertyMetaData on CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com Fix replPropertyMetaData on CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com by sorting the attribute list? [YES] Fixed attribute 'replPropertyMetaData' of 'CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com'
Note that the
--yes parameter automatically fixes all problems found and not only the
Run the check and fix operation on all Samba Domain Controllers (DC), because
replPropertyMetaData is a non-replicated attribute and modifications are not replicated to other DCs.
For more information, see the Samba AD DC database check section.
4.4.6 or later
winbindd service on a Samba Active Directory (AD) domain controller (DC) automatically uses the IDs set in the Active Directory
gidNumber attributes of user accounts and groups. If the attributes are not set, Samba generates IDs locally on the DC and stores them in the
idmap.ldb database. Thus, on a Samba AD DC,
idmap config parameters set in the
smb.conf file were ignored. Due to a bug in Samba 4.4.6 and later, the parameters are no longer ignored and clients fail to connect to shares on the DC. To fix the problem:
- Remove all
idmap configparameters in the
smb.conffile on DCs.
- Restart the
- Restart the clients.
As a result, clients now correctly connect to shares on the DC.
New Default for LDAP Connections Requires Strong Authentication
4.4.1 or later / 4.3.7 or later / 4.2.10 or later
The security updates 4.4.1, 4.3.7 and 4.2.10 introduced a new
smb.conf option for the Active Directory (AD) LDAP server to enforce strong authentication. The default for this new option
ldap server require strong auth is
yes and allows only simple binds over TLS encrypted connections. In consequence, external applications that connect to AD using LDAP, cannot establish a connection if they do not use or support TLS encrypted connections.
Applications connecting to Samba AD using the LDAP protocol without encryption, will display the error message:
ldap_bind: Strong(er) authentication required (8) additional info: BindSimple: Transport encryption required.
AD Database Cleanup of Deleted LDAP DNS Entries
4.1.12 or later
Previously, Samba incorrectly created deleted Active Directory (AD) objects for removed DNS entries. The problem has been fixed. If you start the first Domain Controller (DC) with a fixed Samba version, all deleted objects are removed. As a result, this can result in a slow performance until the deleted objects are removed.
Incorrect TLS File Permissions
4.1.2 or later / 4.0.12 or later
Previously, Samba created the
*.pem files used for LDAP TLS encryptions with insecure permissions. To avoid insecure connections, delete the files on all domain controllers (DC):
# rm /usr/local/samba/private/tls/*.pem
Restart Samba after you deleted the files to automatically re-create the new certificates.
Fixing Dynamic DNS Update Problems
4.0.7 or later
See Fix DNS dynamic updates in Samba versions prior 4.0.7 for details.
Fixing Incorrect Sysvol and Directory ACLs
When updating from early 4.0.x versions, 4.0 beta and 4.0 release candidates.
- To reset wrong Sysvol ACLs, run:
# samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
- To reset all well known ACLs in the directory, run:
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --reset-well-known-acls --fix
- To fix errors in the Active Directory (AD) database, run:
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --fix
Samba Domain Members
ID Mapping Configuration Verification
4.6.0 or later
Previously, Samba did not verified the ID mapping configuration in the
smb.conf file on a domain member. Thus, users could set an incorrect ID mapping configuration, such as overlapping ID ranges or incorrect back ends for the default domain. Consequently, the
winbindd service started and ID mapping failed or did not work as expected. The
testparm utility has been enhanced and now reports incorrect ID mapping configurations. For example:
ERROR: The idmap range for the domain * (tdb) overlaps with the range of SAMDOM (ad)!
ERROR: Do not use the 'ad' backend as the default idmap backend!
Additionally, when using an incorrect ID mapping configuration, the
winbindd service now fails to start and an error message is logged. For example:
[2017/03/01 12:00:00.000000, 0, pid=980] ../source3/winbindd/winbindd.c:1705(main) main: FATAL: Invalid idmap backend ad configured as the default backend!
Using Samba 4.6.0 and later, users are no longer able to use incorrect ID mapping configurations.
For further details, supported back ends on a domain member, and their configuration, see:
- Identity Mapping Back Ends
IDENTITY MAPPING CONSIDERATIONSsection in the
ad ID Mapping Back End Now Supports Enabling RFC2307 or Template Mode Per-domain
4.6.0 or later
Previously, when the
winbind nss info parameter was set to
rfc2307, the Samba
ad ID mapping back end retrieved shell and home directory settings for all Active Directory (AD) domains from AD. In Samba 4.6.0, the new
idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info parameter has been added. This parameter enables the administrator to set on a per-AD domain basis if the shell and home directory settings of users should be retrieved from AD or if the template settings, set in the
template shell and
template homedir parameters are applied.
idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info parameter has a higher priority than the global
winbind nss info = rfc2307 setting. Therefore, using the
idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info = no default setting for an AD domain, the shell and home directory are no longer retrieved from AD and the values set in the
template shell and
template homedir parameters are applied. To re-enable retrieving the values from AD for a domain, set in the
[global]section in your
idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info = yes
For details and an example how to set up, see idmap config ad - Configuring the ad Back End.