Difference between revisions of "Updating Samba"

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= Introduction =
 
= Introduction =
   
  +
The following documentation describes the process of updating Samba to a newer version.
This is a general documentation on how to update a Samba installation.
 
   
  +
If you want to migrate a Samba NT4 domain to Samba Active Directory (AD), see [[Migrating_a_Samba_NT4_Domain_to_Samba_AD_(Classic_Upgrade)|Migrating a Samba NT4 Domain to Samba AD (Classic Upgrade)]].
   
  +
{{Imbox
  +
| type = note
  +
| text = Microsoft stopped supporting Windows NT 4.0 on December 31, 2004 and twice recently they have broken compatibility to it in Windows 10. It is probably just a matter of time until they decide not to fix a break. Samba, like Microsoft, advises upgrading to Active Directory.
  +
}}
   
   
   
= Common misconceptions about Samba 4 =
 
   
One of the common misconceptions is, that <u>Samba 4 automatically means „Active Directory only“: '''That's wrong!'''</u>
 
   
  +
= Misconceptions About Samba 4 =
Acting as a Active Directory Domain Controller is one of the enhancements, included in Samba 4. But version 4 is also just the next release after the 3.6 series and contain all features of the previous ones - including the NT4-style (classic) domain support. This means you can [[#Update_process|update a Samba 3.x NT4-style PDC to 4.x]], like you've updated it in the past (e. g. from 3.4.x to 3.5.x). You won't move your NT4-style domain to an Active Directory automatically!
 
   
  +
{{Imbox
And of course the possibility remains unchanged, to setup a new NT4-style PDC with Samba 4.x, like done in the past (e. g. with openLDAP backend). Active Directory support in Samba 4 is additional and does not replace any of these features. We do understand the difficulty presented by existing LDAP structures and for that reason there isn't a plan to decommission the classic PDC support. It remains tested by the continuous integration system.
 
  +
| type = note
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| text = If you update to Samba 4 and later, you do not have to migrate to Active Directory.
  +
}}
   
  +
The Active Directory (AD) Domain Controller (DC) support is one of the enhancements introduced in Samba 4.0. However all newer versions include the features of previous versions - including the NT4-style (classic) domain support. This means you can [[#The_Update_Process|update]] a Samba 3.x NT4-style primary domain controller (PDC) to a recent version, as you previously updated, for example from 3.4.x to 3.5.x. There is no need to migrate an NT4-style domain to an AD.
The code that supports the classic Domain Controller is also the same code that supports the internal 'Domain' of standalone servers and Domain Member Servers. This means that we still use this code, even when not acting as an AD Domain Controller. It is also the basis for some of the features of FreeIPA and so it gets development attention from that direction as well.
 
   
  +
Whilst all recent versions still continue to support setting up a new NT4-style PDC, from Samba 4.13.0, a number of the required SMBv1 parameters have been deprecated. This means that NT4-style domains are also deprecated, but do not worry, it will be quite sometime before they are removed from Samba. At present the AD support in Samba is optional and does not replace any of the PDC features. The Samba team understand the difficulty presented by existing LDAP structures, but recommends upgrading to AD if possible. Additionally we continue testing the PDC support in our continuous integration system.
   
   
   
   
= Migrating a Samba NT4-style domain to Samba Active Directory =
 
   
  +
= The Update Process =
If you plan to migrate a Samba NT4 domain to Samba Active Directory, you should follow the [[Samba_AD_DC_HOWTO|Samba AD DC HowTo]] and the [[Migrating_a_Samba_NT4_domain_to_a_Samba_AD_domain_(classic_upgrade)|Classicupgrade HowTo]] instead!
 
   
  +
Run the following steps, whether you are updating a Samba Active Directory (AD) domain controller (DC), a Samba NT4-style PDC, a Samba domain member, or a standalone installation:
   
  +
* Stop all Samba services.
   
  +
* Create a backup.
   
  +
* Read the release notes of skipped versions. They contain important information, such as new features, changed parameter, and bug fixes. In case you switch to new major release, read the release notes of the initial version (x.y.0) and the ones from minor versions up to the new version you will update to. For example, if you update from 4.4.4 to 4.6.2, read the 4.5.0, 4.6.0, 4.6.1, and 4.6.2 release notes.
   
  +
* Install the latest version over your existing one:
= General notes =
 
   
  +
:* If you compile Samba from the sources, use the same <code>configure</code> options as used for your previous version. For more information, see [[Build_Samba_from_Source#Viewing_Built_Options_of_an_Existing_Installation|Build Samba From the Sources]].
''Note: Samba 4 is just the next release after 3.6. Samba 4 doesn't mean „Active Directory only“. You can simply update your NT4-style domain to the latest 4x version, like you had installed updates in the past.''
 
   
  +
:* If you update using packages, read the distribution documentation for information how to update.
If the type of installation (Active Directory Domain Controller, NT4-style PDC, Member Server) does not change, you can simply follow the steps below to update.
 
   
  +
{{Imbox
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| type = note
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| text = If you update Samba by compiling from the sources, you should be aware that code can be removed for various reasons. If code is removed and you compile and install Samba over your existing Samba installation, this can lead to old libs being left on disk, this can lead to errors. For this reason, it is recommended that you replace the entire Samba installation if you compile Samba from sources. This should not affect Samba when updating by using distro packages.
  +
}}
   
  +
* Start Samba.
  +
: Start the same daemons as on your previous version:
  +
:* On Samba AD DCs: <code>samba</code>
  +
:* On Samba NT4-style PDC/BDCs: <code>smbd</code>, <code>nmbd</code>
  +
:* On Samba domain members: <code>smbd</code>, <code>nmbd</code> <code>winbind</code>
  +
:* On Samba standalone hosts: <code>smbd</code>
   
  +
* Check your Samba log files for errors.
   
  +
* Test your updated installation.
   
= Best Practices Updating Multiple Samba Domain Controllers =
 
   
When you plan to update multple Samba Active Directory Domain Controllers on your network, the recommended way is:
 
   
* Update one of the Samba AD DCs, that is is not holding any FSMO role.
 
   
* Start Samba on the updated DC and check that the replication between all DCs work successful („samba-tool drs showrepl“).
 
   
  +
= Upgrading Active Directory Domain Controllers =
* Verify the installation, to ensure that the new version work like expected.
 
   
  +
Upgrading your AD DC's can introduce additional complications, due to things like database compatibility and managing FSMO roles. We recommend that you:
* Upgrade the other Samba DCs one at a time. Always make sure, that the replication is working properly.
 
  +
* Run the [[dbcheck|Samba AD DC database check]] as part of testing your updated installation.
  +
* Refer to [[Upgrading_a_Samba_AD_DC#Updating_Multiple_Samba_Domain_Controllers|Updating_Multiple_Samba_Domain_Controllers]] for the safest way to roll out an upgrade to your DC network.
  +
* Be aware of database compatibility when [[downgrading an Active Directory DC]] across a major release.
  +
<br>
   
   
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= Notable Enhancements and Changes =
= Update process =
 
   
  +
If you are updating Samba, always read the [[Samba_Features_added/changed_(by_release)|release notes]] of all versions between the previous and the one you are updating to. They contain important and additional information on new features, changed parameter options, and so on.
The following steps are the same, regardless if you update a Samba AD DC, Samba NT4-style PDC or Samba Member Server.
 
   
  +
This section provides an overview about important changes that require your attention to fix problems of previous versions, avoid a negative performance impact, and so on.
* Stop all Samba services.
 
   
* Create a working backup!
 
   
* Read all release notes of versions since the one you are updating from! They will contain imporant and useful information, like parameters that have changed.
 
   
* Install the latest version over your existing one.
 
   
:* If you compile Samba from source, download the latest version from [http://www.samba.org http://www.samba.org]. If you use the same „configure“ options, than for your previous version, Samba will be installed over the old binaries, tries to find its databases on the same place, etc. But always check if some configure options had changed and need to be adapted!
 
   
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== Changes Affecting All Samba Installation Modes ==
:* If you use packages, like from [http://www.enterprisesamba.com/samba/ SerNet], check out the packagers information on how to install.
 
   
  +
=== File Execution Permissions ===
* Start Samba. You only have to start the same processes, like you did before.
 
:* DC: samba
 
:* NT4-style PDC: smbd, nmbd
 
:* Member Server: smbd, nmbd (winbind, if you use it)
 
   
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'''4.0.0 and later'''
* Check your Samba logs for errors and problems.
 
   
  +
Previously, Samba did not check the execution bit of files. As a consequence, users could execute files, such as <code>*.exe</code> and <code>*.bat</code>, on a share, even if the x-bit was not set. Samba has been enhanced and now will not execute a file if the x-bit is not set. When upgrading from a previous version, if your executable files do not have the x-bit set, you can enable the old behaviour, by setting the following parameter in individual shares or in the <code>[global]</code> section:
* Test your new installed version.
 
   
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acl allow execute always = yes
   
   
   
   
= Updates of early Samba 4 version on Samba Active Directory DCs =
 
   
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== Samba Active Directory Domain Controllers ==
Early version of Samba 4 (Beta, RC, early 4.0.x) had some issues like e. g. incorrect SysVol and directory ACLs. In the following you'll find commands to fix these problems, after you had updated.
 
   
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=== The <code>ntvfs</code> File Server Back End Has Been Disabled ===
* Reset well known ACLs in AD (without the „--fix“, it only checks)
 
  +
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --reset-well-known-acls --fix
 
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'''4.5.0 and later'''
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  +
Previously, Samba enabled users to provision a domain controller (DC) using the <code>ntvfs</code> file server back end. This back end was never supported, and thus the <code>ntvfs</code> feature is no longer built by default in Samba 4.5.0. Consequently, starting the <code>samba</code> service on a DC using the <code>ntvfs</code> back end fails after the update and the following error is logged:
  +
  +
[2016/09/01 08:00:00.000000, 0, pid=995] ../source4/smbd/service.c:98(server_service_startup)
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Failed to start service 'smb' - NT_STATUS_INVALID_SYSTEM_SERVICE
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[2016/09/01 08:00:00.000000, 0, pid=995] ../lib/util/become_daemon.c:111(exit_daemon)
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STATUS=daemon failed to start: Samba failed to start services, error code -1073741796
  +
  +
To fix the problem, migrate the file server back end on your DC to the supported <code>s3fs</code> back end. For details, see [[Migrating_the_ntvfs_File_Server_Back_End_to_s3fs|Migrating the ntvfs File Server Back End to s3fs]].
  +
  +
  +
  +
=== Fixing replPropertyMetaData Attributes ===
  +
  +
'''4.5.0 and later'''
  +
  +
Samba versions prior to 4.5.0 stored the <code>replPropertyMetaData</code> attribute incorrectly. As a consequence, administrators could experience errors, such as renaming conflicts. The problem has been fixed in 4.5.0 and later versions and Samba now stores the attribute correctly. The <code>samba-tool</code> utility has been enhanced to detect incorrectly stored <code>replPropertyMetaData</code> attributes:
  +
  +
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs
  +
  +
To fix the attributes, run:
  +
  +
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --fix --yes
  +
...
  +
CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com: 0x00000003
  +
CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com: 0x00000000
  +
ERROR: unsorted attributeID values in replPropertyMetaData on CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com
  +
  +
Fix replPropertyMetaData on CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com by sorting the attribute list? [YES]
  +
Fixed attribute 'replPropertyMetaData' of 'CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com'
  +
  +
Note that the <code>--yes</code> parameter automatically fixes <u>all</u> problems found, not just the <code>replPropertyMetaData</code> attributes!
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  +
You should run the check and fix operation on all Samba Domain Controllers (DC), because <code>replPropertyMetaData</code> is a non-replicated attribute and modifications are not replicated to other DCs.
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  +
For more information, see the [[Dbcheck|Samba AD DC database check]] section.
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  +
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=== Failure To Access Shares on Domain Controllers If <code>idmap config</code> Parameters Set in the <code>smb.conf</code> File ===
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'''4.4.6 or later'''
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By default, the <code>winbindd</code> service on a Samba Active Directory (AD) domain controller (DC) generates ID's locally on the DC and stores them in the <code>idmap.ldb</code> database. You can override the generated ID's by setting <code>uidNumber</code> and <code>gidNumber</code> attributes in your user accounts and groups in Active Directory. Originally, if the <code>idmap config</code> parameters were set in the <code>smb.conf</code> file they were ignored, but due to a bug in Samba 4.4.6 and later, the parameters are no longer ignored and clients fail to connect to shares on the DC. To fix the problem:
  +
* Remove all <code>idmap config</code> parameters in the <code>smb.conf</code> file on DCs.
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* Restart the <code>samba</code> service.
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* Restart the clients.
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As a result, the clients will now correctly connect to shares on the DC.
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=== New Default for LDAP Connections Requires Strong Authentication ===
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'''4.4.1 or later / 4.3.7 or later / 4.2.10 or later'''
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The security updates 4.4.1, 4.3.7 and 4.2.10 introduced a new <code>smb.conf</code> option for the Active Directory (AD) LDAP server to enforce strong authentication. The default for this new option <code>ldap server require strong auth</code> is <code>yes</code> and allows only simple binds over TLS encrypted connections. In consequence, external applications that connect to AD using LDAP, cannot establish a connection if they do not use or support TLS encrypted connections.
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Applications connecting to Samba AD using the LDAP protocol without encryption, will display the error message:
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ldap_bind: Strong(er) authentication required (8)
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additional info: BindSimple: Transport encryption required.
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For further information, see the [https://www.samba.org/samba/history/samba-4.4.1.html 4.4.1], [https://www.samba.org/samba/history/samba-4.3.7.html 4.3.7], or the [https://www.samba.org/samba/history/samba-4.2.10.html 4.2.10] release notes.
  +
  +
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=== AD Database Cleanup of Deleted LDAP DNS Entries ===
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'''4.1.12 or later'''
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Previously, Samba incorrectly created deleted Active Directory (AD) objects for removed DNS entries. The problem has been fixed. If you start the first Domain Controller (DC) with a fixed Samba version, all deleted objects are removed. As a result, this can result in a slow performance until the deleted objects are removed.
  +
  +
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=== Incorrect TLS File Permissions ===
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'''4.1.2 or later / 4.0.12 or later'''
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Previously, Samba created the <code>*.pem</code> files used for LDAP TLS encryptions with insecure permissions. To avoid insecure connections, delete the files on all domain controllers (DC):
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  +
# rm /usr/local/samba/private/tls/*.pem
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  +
Restart Samba after you deleted the files to automatically re-create the new certificates.
  +
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=== Fixing Dynamic DNS Update Problems ===
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'''4.0.7 or later'''
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See [[Fix_DNS_dynamic_updates_in_Samba_versions_prior_4.0.7|Fix DNS dynamic updates in Samba versions prior 4.0.7]] for details.
  +
  +
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=== Fixing Incorrect Sysvol and Directory ACLs ===
  +
  +
''' When updating from early 4.0.x versions, 4.0 beta and 4.0 release candidates.'''
   
  +
* To reset wrong Sysvol ACLs, run:
* Reset wrong SysVol ACLs (if you use the option „sysvolcheck“ instead, the ACLs are only checked)
 
 
# samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
 
# samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
   
  +
* To reset all well known ACLs in the directory, run:
* Fix errors in the AD database (without the „--fix“, it only checks)
 
  +
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --reset-well-known-acls --fix
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  +
* To fix errors in the Active Directory (AD) database, run:
 
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --fix
 
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --fix
   
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== Samba Domain Members ==
= Other changes you should pay attention to, when updating =
 
   
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=== ID Mapping Configuration Verification ===
== File execution permissions when upgrading from 3x to 4x ==
 
   
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'''4.6.0 or later'''
See [[Shares_with_POSIX_ACLs#Execution_of_files|Execution of files]].
 
   
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Previously, Samba did not verified the ID mapping configuration in the <code>smb.conf</code> file on a domain member. Thus, an incorrect ID mapping configuration could be set, such as overlapping ID ranges or incorrect back ends for the default domain. Consequently, the <code>winbindd</code> service started and ID mapping failed or did not work as expected. The <code>testparm</code> utility has been enhanced and now reports incorrect ID mapping configurations. For example:
   
  +
ERROR: The idmap range for the domain * (tdb) overlaps with the range of SAMDOM (ad)!
   
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ERROR: Do not use the 'ad' backend as the default idmap backend!
== On Samba Active Directory DC's ==
 
   
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Additionally, when using an incorrect ID mapping configuration, the <code>winbindd</code> service now fails to start and an error message is logged. For example:
=== Wrong TLS .pem file permissions (updating from <= 4.0.11 or 4.1.1) ===
 
   
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[2017/03/01 12:00:00.000000, 0, pid=980] ../source3/winbindd/winbindd.c:1705(main)
* Remove TLS .pem files, because they were exposed by insecure permissions. They are re-created with correct permissions during the next Samba startup
 
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main: FATAL: Invalid idmap backend ad configured as the default backend!
# rm /usr/local/samba/private/tls/*.pem
 
   
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Using Samba 4.6.0 and later, users are no longer able to use incorrect ID mapping configurations.
   
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For further details, supported back ends on a domain member, and their configuration, see:
  +
* [[Identity Mapping Back Ends]]
  +
* the <code>IDENTITY MAPPING CONSIDERATIONS</code> section in the <code>smb.conf(5)</code> man page
   
=== AD database cleanup of deleted LDAP DNS entries (updating from <= 4.1.11) ===
 
   
Previous versions of Samba DC's contained a bug, that may lead to many deleted LDAP objects for removed DNS entries (partial fix for bug [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=10749 #10749]).
 
   
  +
=== The <code>ad</code> ID Mapping Back End Now Supports Enabling RFC2307 or Template Mode Per-domain ===
When the first DC with a version newer than 4.1.11 is started, these deleted objects are removed. Depending on the amount, this may result in slow performance until all the deleted objects from the previous version are removed.
 
   
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'''4.6.0 or later'''
   
  +
Previously, when the <code>winbind nss info</code> parameter was set to <code>rfc2307</code>, the Samba <code>ad</code> ID mapping back end retrieved shell and home directory settings for all Active Directory (AD) domains from AD. In Samba 4.6.0, the new <code>idmap config ''domain_name'':unix_nss_info</code> parameter has been added. This parameter enables the administrator to set on a per-AD domain basis if the shell and home directory settings of users should be retrieved from AD or if the template settings, set in the <code>template shell</code> and <code>template homedir</code> parameters are applied.
   
  +
The new <code>idmap config ''domain_name'':unix_nss_info</code> parameter has a higher priority than the global <code>winbind nss info = rfc2307</code> setting. Therefore, using the <code>idmap config ''domain_name'':unix_nss_info = no</code> default setting for an AD domain, the shell and home directory are no longer retrieved from AD and the values set in the <code>template shell</code> and <code>template homedir</code> parameters are applied. To re-enable retrieving the values from AD for a domain, set in the <code>[global]</code>section in your <code>smb.conf</code> file:
=== Fixing dynamic DNS update problems (updating from < 4.0.7) ===
 
   
  +
idmap config ''domain_name'':unix_nss_info = yes
See [[Fix_DNS_dynamic_updates_in_Samba_versions_prior_4.0.7|Fix DNS dynamic updates in Samba versions prior 4.0.7]] for details.
 
  +
  +
For details and an example how to set up, see [[Idmap_config_ad#Configuring_the_ad_Back_End|idmap config ad - Configuring the ad Back End]].

Latest revision as of 07:24, 26 September 2021

Introduction

The following documentation describes the process of updating Samba to a newer version.

If you want to migrate a Samba NT4 domain to Samba Active Directory (AD), see Migrating a Samba NT4 Domain to Samba AD (Classic Upgrade).



Misconceptions About Samba 4

The Active Directory (AD) Domain Controller (DC) support is one of the enhancements introduced in Samba 4.0. However all newer versions include the features of previous versions - including the NT4-style (classic) domain support. This means you can update a Samba 3.x NT4-style primary domain controller (PDC) to a recent version, as you previously updated, for example from 3.4.x to 3.5.x. There is no need to migrate an NT4-style domain to an AD.

Whilst all recent versions still continue to support setting up a new NT4-style PDC, from Samba 4.13.0, a number of the required SMBv1 parameters have been deprecated. This means that NT4-style domains are also deprecated, but do not worry, it will be quite sometime before they are removed from Samba. At present the AD support in Samba is optional and does not replace any of the PDC features. The Samba team understand the difficulty presented by existing LDAP structures, but recommends upgrading to AD if possible. Additionally we continue testing the PDC support in our continuous integration system.



The Update Process

Run the following steps, whether you are updating a Samba Active Directory (AD) domain controller (DC), a Samba NT4-style PDC, a Samba domain member, or a standalone installation:

  • Stop all Samba services.
  • Create a backup.
  • Read the release notes of skipped versions. They contain important information, such as new features, changed parameter, and bug fixes. In case you switch to new major release, read the release notes of the initial version (x.y.0) and the ones from minor versions up to the new version you will update to. For example, if you update from 4.4.4 to 4.6.2, read the 4.5.0, 4.6.0, 4.6.1, and 4.6.2 release notes.
  • Install the latest version over your existing one:
  • If you compile Samba from the sources, use the same configure options as used for your previous version. For more information, see Build Samba From the Sources.
  • If you update using packages, read the distribution documentation for information how to update.
  • Start Samba.
Start the same daemons as on your previous version:
  • On Samba AD DCs: samba
  • On Samba NT4-style PDC/BDCs: smbd, nmbd
  • On Samba domain members: smbd, nmbd winbind
  • On Samba standalone hosts: smbd
  • Check your Samba log files for errors.
  • Test your updated installation.



Upgrading Active Directory Domain Controllers

Upgrading your AD DC's can introduce additional complications, due to things like database compatibility and managing FSMO roles. We recommend that you:




Notable Enhancements and Changes

If you are updating Samba, always read the release notes of all versions between the previous and the one you are updating to. They contain important and additional information on new features, changed parameter options, and so on.

This section provides an overview about important changes that require your attention to fix problems of previous versions, avoid a negative performance impact, and so on.



Changes Affecting All Samba Installation Modes

File Execution Permissions

4.0.0 and later

Previously, Samba did not check the execution bit of files. As a consequence, users could execute files, such as *.exe and *.bat, on a share, even if the x-bit was not set. Samba has been enhanced and now will not execute a file if the x-bit is not set. When upgrading from a previous version, if your executable files do not have the x-bit set, you can enable the old behaviour, by setting the following parameter in individual shares or in the [global] section:

acl allow execute always = yes



Samba Active Directory Domain Controllers

The ntvfs File Server Back End Has Been Disabled

4.5.0 and later

Previously, Samba enabled users to provision a domain controller (DC) using the ntvfs file server back end. This back end was never supported, and thus the ntvfs feature is no longer built by default in Samba 4.5.0. Consequently, starting the samba service on a DC using the ntvfs back end fails after the update and the following error is logged:

[2016/09/01 08:00:00.000000,  0, pid=995] ../source4/smbd/service.c:98(server_service_startup)
  Failed to start service 'smb' - NT_STATUS_INVALID_SYSTEM_SERVICE
[2016/09/01 08:00:00.000000,  0, pid=995] ../lib/util/become_daemon.c:111(exit_daemon)
  STATUS=daemon failed to start: Samba failed to start services, error code -1073741796

To fix the problem, migrate the file server back end on your DC to the supported s3fs back end. For details, see Migrating the ntvfs File Server Back End to s3fs.


Fixing replPropertyMetaData Attributes

4.5.0 and later

Samba versions prior to 4.5.0 stored the replPropertyMetaData attribute incorrectly. As a consequence, administrators could experience errors, such as renaming conflicts. The problem has been fixed in 4.5.0 and later versions and Samba now stores the attribute correctly. The samba-tool utility has been enhanced to detect incorrectly stored replPropertyMetaData attributes:

# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs

To fix the attributes, run:

# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --fix --yes
...
CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com: 0x00000003
CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com: 0x00000000
ERROR: unsorted attributeID values in replPropertyMetaData on CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com

Fix replPropertyMetaData on CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com by sorting the attribute list? [YES]
Fixed attribute 'replPropertyMetaData' of 'CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC1,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=samdom,DC=example,DC=com'

Note that the --yes parameter automatically fixes all problems found, not just the replPropertyMetaData attributes!

You should run the check and fix operation on all Samba Domain Controllers (DC), because replPropertyMetaData is a non-replicated attribute and modifications are not replicated to other DCs.

For more information, see the Samba AD DC database check section.


Failure To Access Shares on Domain Controllers If idmap config Parameters Set in the smb.conf File

4.4.6 or later

By default, the winbindd service on a Samba Active Directory (AD) domain controller (DC) generates ID's locally on the DC and stores them in the idmap.ldb database. You can override the generated ID's by setting uidNumber and gidNumber attributes in your user accounts and groups in Active Directory. Originally, if the idmap config parameters were set in the smb.conf file they were ignored, but due to a bug in Samba 4.4.6 and later, the parameters are no longer ignored and clients fail to connect to shares on the DC. To fix the problem:

  • Remove all idmap config parameters in the smb.conf file on DCs.
  • Restart the samba service.
  • Restart the clients.

As a result, the clients will now correctly connect to shares on the DC.


New Default for LDAP Connections Requires Strong Authentication

4.4.1 or later / 4.3.7 or later / 4.2.10 or later

The security updates 4.4.1, 4.3.7 and 4.2.10 introduced a new smb.conf option for the Active Directory (AD) LDAP server to enforce strong authentication. The default for this new option ldap server require strong auth is yes and allows only simple binds over TLS encrypted connections. In consequence, external applications that connect to AD using LDAP, cannot establish a connection if they do not use or support TLS encrypted connections.

Applications connecting to Samba AD using the LDAP protocol without encryption, will display the error message:

ldap_bind: Strong(er) authentication required (8)
       additional info: BindSimple: Transport encryption required.

For further information, see the 4.4.1, 4.3.7, or the 4.2.10 release notes.


AD Database Cleanup of Deleted LDAP DNS Entries

4.1.12 or later

Previously, Samba incorrectly created deleted Active Directory (AD) objects for removed DNS entries. The problem has been fixed. If you start the first Domain Controller (DC) with a fixed Samba version, all deleted objects are removed. As a result, this can result in a slow performance until the deleted objects are removed.


Incorrect TLS File Permissions

4.1.2 or later / 4.0.12 or later

Previously, Samba created the *.pem files used for LDAP TLS encryptions with insecure permissions. To avoid insecure connections, delete the files on all domain controllers (DC):

# rm /usr/local/samba/private/tls/*.pem

Restart Samba after you deleted the files to automatically re-create the new certificates.


Fixing Dynamic DNS Update Problems

4.0.7 or later

See Fix DNS dynamic updates in Samba versions prior 4.0.7 for details.


Fixing Incorrect Sysvol and Directory ACLs

When updating from early 4.0.x versions, 4.0 beta and 4.0 release candidates.

  • To reset wrong Sysvol ACLs, run:
# samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
  • To reset all well known ACLs in the directory, run:
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --reset-well-known-acls --fix
  • To fix errors in the Active Directory (AD) database, run:
# samba-tool dbcheck --cross-ncs --fix



Samba Domain Members

ID Mapping Configuration Verification

4.6.0 or later

Previously, Samba did not verified the ID mapping configuration in the smb.conf file on a domain member. Thus, an incorrect ID mapping configuration could be set, such as overlapping ID ranges or incorrect back ends for the default domain. Consequently, the winbindd service started and ID mapping failed or did not work as expected. The testparm utility has been enhanced and now reports incorrect ID mapping configurations. For example:

ERROR: The idmap range for the domain * (tdb) overlaps with the range of SAMDOM (ad)!
ERROR: Do not use the 'ad' backend as the default idmap backend!

Additionally, when using an incorrect ID mapping configuration, the winbindd service now fails to start and an error message is logged. For example:

[2017/03/01 12:00:00.000000,  0, pid=980] ../source3/winbindd/winbindd.c:1705(main)
  main: FATAL: Invalid idmap backend ad configured as the default backend!

Using Samba 4.6.0 and later, users are no longer able to use incorrect ID mapping configurations.

For further details, supported back ends on a domain member, and their configuration, see:


The ad ID Mapping Back End Now Supports Enabling RFC2307 or Template Mode Per-domain

4.6.0 or later

Previously, when the winbind nss info parameter was set to rfc2307, the Samba ad ID mapping back end retrieved shell and home directory settings for all Active Directory (AD) domains from AD. In Samba 4.6.0, the new idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info parameter has been added. This parameter enables the administrator to set on a per-AD domain basis if the shell and home directory settings of users should be retrieved from AD or if the template settings, set in the template shell and template homedir parameters are applied.

The new idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info parameter has a higher priority than the global winbind nss info = rfc2307 setting. Therefore, using the idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info = no default setting for an AD domain, the shell and home directory are no longer retrieved from AD and the values set in the template shell and template homedir parameters are applied. To re-enable retrieving the values from AD for a domain, set in the [global]section in your smb.conf file:

idmap config domain_name:unix_nss_info = yes

For details and an example how to set up, see idmap config ad - Configuring the ad Back End.