Difference between revisions of "Testing the DNS Name Resolution"

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To verify that your DNS settings are correct and your client or server is able to resolve IP addresses and host names use the <code>nslookup</code> command. The command is available on Linux and Windows.
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To verify that your DNS settings are correct and your client or server is able to resolve IP addresses and host names use the <code>nslookup</code> or <code>host</code> commands. The <code>nslookup</code> command is available on Linux and Windows.
   
   

Revision as of 12:09, 6 March 2022

Introduction

To verify that your DNS settings are correct and your client or server is able to resolve IP addresses and host names use the nslookup or host commands. The nslookup command is available on Linux and Windows.



Forward Lookup

To resolve a host name its IP address:

# nslookup DC1.samdom.example.com
Server:         10.99.0.1
Address:        10.99.0.1#53

Name:   DC1.samdom.example.com
Address: 10.99.0.1

alternatively you can use the command:

# host DC1.samdom.example.com
DC1.samdom.example.com has address 10.99.0.1

Reverse Lookup

To resolve a IP address to its host name:

# nslookup 10.99.0.1
Server:        10.99.0.1
Address:	10.99.0.1#53

1.0.99.10.in-addr.arpa	name = DC1.samdom.example.com.

or

# host 10.99.0.1
1.0.99.10.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer DC1.samdom.example.com


Note that in a Samba AD, the reverse zone is not automatically configured. To set up a reverse zone, see DNS Administration.

Resolving SRV Records

Active Directory (AD) uses SRV records to locate services, such as Kerberos and LDAP. To verify that SRV records are resolved correctly, use the nslookup interactive shell:

$ nslookup
> set type=SRV
> _ldap._tcp.samdom.example.com
Server:	192.168.0.4
Address:	192.168.0.4#53

_ldap._tcp.samdom.example.com	service = 0 100 389 dc2.samdom.example.com.
_ldap._tcp.samdom.example.com	service = 0 100 389 dc1.samdom.example.com.
> exit

or

$ host -t SRV _ldap._tcp.samdom.example.com
_ldap._tcp.samdom.example.com has SRV record 0 100 389 dc1.samdom.example.com.
_ldap._tcp.samdom.example.com has SRV record 0 100 389 dc2.samdom.example.com.

Error Messages

  • The DNS server is not able to resolve the host name:
** server can't find DC1.samdom.example.com: NXDOMAIN
  • The DNS server is not able to resolve the IP address:
** server can't find 1.0.99.10.in-addr.arpa: NXDOMAIN
  • The DNS server used is not available:
;; connection timed out; no servers could be reached