Samba AD DC Port Usage

Revision as of 14:30, 27 August 2015 by Hortimech (talk | contribs) (/* Samba AD DC port usage, Altered for better English)

Introduction

If you need to secure your Samba installation with a firewall, you will need to know what ports and protocols are used. This page supplies an overview.

Identify which ports and interfaces Samba is listening on

You can use "netstat" to identify which ports and IPs, Samba and related daemons are listening on:

# netstat -tulpn | egrep "samba|smbd|nmbd|winbind"

The following is a snippet of an example output:

tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:139               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      43270/smbd          
tcp        0      0 10.0.0.1:139                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      43270/smbd          
tcp        0      0 10.0.0.1:88                 0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      43273/samba         
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:88                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      43273/samba         
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:445               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      43270/smbd          
tcp        0      0 10.0.0.1:445                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      43270/smbd          
.....

The above example shows that the services are listening on localhost (127.0.0.1) and the interface with IP 10.0.0.1 - on each of the listed ports (139, 88, 445,...).



Port usage when Samba runs as an Active Directory Domain Controller

Service Port protocol
DNS 53 tcp/udp
Kerberos 88 tcp/udp
End Point Mapper (DCE/RPC Locator Service) 135 tcp
NetBIOS Name Service 137 udp
NetBIOS Datagram 138 udp
NetBIOS Session 139 tcp
LDAP 389 tcp/udp
SMB over TCP 445 tcp
Kerberos kpasswd 464 tcp/udp
LDAPS (only if "tls enabled = yes") 636 tcp
Dynamic RPC Ports* 1024-5000 tcp
Global Cataloge 3268 tcp
Global Cataloge SSL (only if "tls enabled = yes") 3269 tcp
Multicast DNS 5353 tcp/udp

* Samba, like Windows, supports dynamic RPC services. The range starts at 1024. If something occupies this port for some reason, it will be a different port (literally walked up from 1024).

Remember, there can be other ports as well , these are related to your Samba installation but are not provided by Samba itself, e.g. an NTP server run for time synchronisation as well.



Prevent Samba from listening on all interfaces

Sometimes you don't want Samba to listen on all interfaces of your host. For example, if the host is directly connected to the internet, you definitely will not want to provide your shares to the rest of the world. If you limit Samba to listen only on the internal NIC(s), you don't need a firewall to prevent access from the outside.

Add the following to the "[global]" section of your smb.conf to bind Samba to eth0 and loopback:

bind interfaces only = yes
interfaces = lo eth0

The "interfaces" parameter allows various ways to restrict. See the manpage for more details.

After the changes, restart Samba.