Difference between revisions of "Samba 4.6 Features added/changed"

m (added Category:Documentation)
(Samba 4.6.0 rc2)
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==Samba 4.6.0 rc1==
+
==Samba 4.6.0 rc2==
:Release Notes for Samba 4.6.0 rc1
+
:Release Notes for Samba 4.6.0 rc2
 
:January 5, 2017
 
:January 5, 2017
  
 
===Release Announcements===
 
===Release Announcements===
  
This is the first preview release of Samba 4.6.  This is *not* intended for production environments and is designed for testing purposes only.  Please report any defects via the Samba bug reporting system at
+
This is the second release candidate of Samba 4.6.  This is *not* intended for production environments and is designed for testing purposes only.  Please report any defects via the Samba bug reporting system at
 
  https://bugzilla.samba.org/.
 
  https://bugzilla.samba.org/.
  
Line 98: Line 98:
 
::: --enable-ceph-reclock configure options.
 
::: --enable-ceph-reclock configure options.
  
 +
====winbind changes====
 +
 +
4.6 winbind simplifies the calculation of supplementary groups to make it more reliable and predictable. Before 4.6, winbind contained code that tried to emulate the group membership calculation that domain controllers do when a user logs in. This group membership calculation is a very complex process, in particular for domain trust relationship situations. Also, in many scenarios it is impossible for winbind to correctly do this calculation due to access restrictions in the domains: winbind using its machine account simply does not have the rights to ask for an arbitrary user's group memberships.
 +
 +
When a user logs in to a Samba server, the domain controller correctly calculates the user's group memberships authoritatively and makes the information available to the Samba server. This is the only reliable way Samba can get informed about the groups a user is member of.
 +
 +
Because of its flakiness, the fallback group membership code was removed.
 +
 +
This means that "id <username>" without the user having logged in previously stops showing any supplementary groups. Also, it will show "DOMAIN\Domain Users" as the primary group. Once the user has logged in, "id <username>" will correctly show the primary group and supplementary group list.
 +
 +
====winbind primary group and nss info====
 +
 +
With 4.6, it will be possible to optionally use the primary group as set in the "Unix Attributes" tab for the local unix token of a domain user.  Before 4.6, the Windows primary group was always chosen as primary group for the local unix token.
 +
 +
To activate the unix primary group, set
 +
 +
idmap config <DOMAIN> : unix_primary_group = yes
 +
 +
Similarly, set
 +
 +
idmap config <DOMAIN> : unix_nss_info = yes
 +
 +
to retrieve the home directory and login shell from the "Unix Attributes" of the user. This supersedes the "winbind nss info" parameter with a per-domain configuration option.
  
 
===smb.conf changes===
 
===smb.conf changes===
Line 114: Line 137:
 
Currently none.
 
Currently none.
  
 +
=====CHANGES SINCE 4.5.0rc1=====
 +
 +
*  Amitay Isaacs <amitay@gmail.com>
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12469 BUG #12469]: CTDB lock helper getting stuck trying to lock a record.
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12500 BUG #12500]: ctdb-common: Fix a bug in packet reading code for generic socket I/O.
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12510 BUG #12510]: sock_daemon_test 4 crashes with SEGV.
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12513 BUG #12513]: ctdb-daemon: Remove stale eventd socket.
 +
 +
*  Björn Jacke <bj@sernet.de>
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12535 BUG #12535]: vfs_default: Unlock the right file in copy chunk.
 +
 +
*  Volker Lendecke <vl@samba.org>
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12509 BUG #12509]: messaging: Fix dead but not cleaned-up-yet destination sockets.
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12538 BUG #12538]: Backport winbind fixes.
 +
 +
*  Stefan Metzmacher <metze@samba.org>
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12501 BUG #12460]: s3:winbindd: talloc_steal the extra_data in winbindd_list_users_recv().
 +
 +
*  Martin Schwenke <martin@meltin.net>
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12511 BUG #12511]: ctdb-takeover: Handle case where there are no RELEASE_IPs to send.
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12512 BUG #12512]: ctdb-scripts: Fix remaining uses of "ctdb gratiousarp".
 +
:* [https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12516 BUG #12516]: /etc/iproute2/rt_tables gets populated with multiple 'default' entries.
 +
 +
https://download.samba.org/pub/samba/rc/samba-4.6.0rc2.WHATSNEW.txt
 
  https://download.samba.org/pub/samba/rc/samba-4.6.0rc1.WHATSNEW.txt
 
  https://download.samba.org/pub/samba/rc/samba-4.6.0rc1.WHATSNEW.txt
  
 
[[Category:Documentation]]
 
[[Category:Documentation]]

Revision as of 17:17, 28 January 2017

Samba 4.6.0 rc2

Release Notes for Samba 4.6.0 rc2
January 5, 2017

Release Announcements

This is the second release candidate of Samba 4.6. This is *not* intended for production environments and is designed for testing purposes only. Please report any defects via the Samba bug reporting system at

https://bugzilla.samba.org/.

Samba 4.6 will be the next version of the Samba suite.


UPGRADING

vfs_fruit option "fruit:resource" spelling correction

Due to a spelling error in the vfs_fruit option parsing for the "fruit:resource" option, users who have set this option in their smb.conf were still using the default setting "fruit:resource = file" as the parser was looking for the string "fruit:ressource" (two "s").

After upgrading to this Samba version 4.6, you MUST either remove the option from your smb.conf or set it to the default "fruit:resource = file", otherwise your macOS clients will not be able to access the resource fork data.

This version Samba 4.6 accepts both the correct and incorrect spelling, but the next Samba version 4.7 will not accept the wrong spelling.

Users who were using the wrong spelling "ressource" with two "s" can keep the setting, but are advised to switch to the correct spelling.

ID Mapping

We discovered that the majority of users have an invalid or incorrect ID mapping configuration. We implemented checks in the 'testparm' tool to validate the ID mapping configuration. You should run it and check if it prints any warnings or errors after upgrading! If it does you should fix them. See the 'IDENTITY MAPPING CONSIDERATIONS' section in the smb.conf manpage. There are some ID mapping backends which are not allowed to be used for the default backend. Winbind will no longer start if an invalid backend is configured as the default backend.

To avoid problems in future we advise all users to run 'testparm' after changing the smb.conf file!


NEW FEATURES/CHANGES

Kerberos client encryption types

Some parts of Samba (most notably winbindd) perform Kerberos client operations based on a Samba-generated krb5.conf file. A new parameter, "kerberos encryption types" allows configuring the encryption types set in this file, thereby allowing the user to enforce strong or legacy encryption in Kerberos exchanges.

The default value of "all" is compatible with previous behavior, allowing all encryption algorithms to be negotiated. Setting the parameter to "strong" only allows AES-based algorithms to be negotiated. Setting the parameter to "legacy" allows only RC4-HMAC-MD5 - the legacy algorithm for Active Directory. This can solves some corner cases of mixed environments with Server 2003R2 and newer DCs.

Printing

Support for uploading printer drivers from newer Windows clients (Windows 10) has been added until our implementation of [MS-PAR] protocol is ready. Several issues with uploading different printing drivers have been addressed.

The OS Version for the printing server has been increased to announce Windows Server 2003 R2 SP2. If a driver needs a newer version then you should check the smb.conf manpage for details.

new option for owner inheritance

The "inherit owner" smb.conf parameter instructs smbd to set the owner of files to be the same as the parent directory's owner. Up until now, this parameter could be set to "yes" or "no". A new option, "unix only", enables this feature only for the UNIX owner of the file, not affecting the SID owner in the Windows NT ACL of the file. This can be used to emulate something very similar to folder quotas.

Multi-process Netlogon support

The Netlogon server in the Samba AD DC can now run as multiple processes. The Netlogon server is a part of the AD DC that handles NTLM authentication on behalf of domain members, including file servers, NTLM-authenticated web servers and 802.1x gateways. The previous restriction to running as a single process has been removed, and it will now run in the same process model as the rest of the 'samba' binary.

As part of this change, the NETLOGON service will now run on a distinct TCP port, rather than being shared with all other RPC services (LSA, SAMR, DRSUAPI etc).

new options for controlling TCP ports used for RPC services

The new 'rpc server port' option controls the default port used for RPC services other than Netlogon. The Netlogon server honours instead the 'rpc server port:netlogon' option. The default value for both these options is the first available port including or after 1024.

Improve AD performance and replication improvements

Samba's LDB and replication code continues to improve, particularly in respect to the handling of large numbers of linked attributes. We now respect an 'uptodateness vector' which will dramatically reduce the over-replication of links from new DCs. We have also made the parsing of on-disk linked attributes much more efficient.

DNS improvements

The samba-tool dns subcommand is now much more robust and can delete records in a number of situations where it was not possible to do so in the past.

On the server side, DNS names are now more strictly validated.

CTDB changes

  • "ctdb event" is a new top-level command for interacting with event scripts
"ctdb event status" replaces "ctdb scriptstatus" - the latter is maintained for backward compatibility but the output format has been cleaned up
"ctdb event run" replaces "ctdb eventscript"
"ctdb event script enable" replaces "ctdb enablescript"
"ctdb event script disable" replaces "ctdb disablescript"

The new command "ctdb event script list" lists event scripts.

  • CTDB's back-end for running event scripts has been replaced by a separate, long-running daemon ctdbd_eventd.
  • Running ctdb interactively will log to stderr
  • CTDB logs now include process id for each process
  • CTDB tags log messages differently. Changes include:
ctdb-recoverd: Messages from CTDB's recovery daemon
ctdb-recovery: Messages from CTDB database recovery
ctdb-eventd: Messages from CTDB's event daemon
ctdb-takeover: Messgaes from CTDB's public IP takeover subsystem
  • The mapping between symbolic and numeric debug levels has changed
Configurations containing numeric debug levels should be updated. Symbolic debug levels are recommended. See the DEBUG LEVEL section of ctdb(7) for details.
  • Tunable IPAllocAlgorithm replaces LCP2PublicIPs, DeterministicIPs
See ctdb-tunables(7) for details
  • CTDB's configuration tunables should be consistently set across a cluster
This has always been the cases for most tunables but this fact is now documented.
  • CTDB ships with recovery lock helper call-outs for etcd and Ceph RADOS
To build/install these, use the
--enable-etcd-reclock and
--enable-ceph-reclock configure options.

winbind changes

4.6 winbind simplifies the calculation of supplementary groups to make it more reliable and predictable. Before 4.6, winbind contained code that tried to emulate the group membership calculation that domain controllers do when a user logs in. This group membership calculation is a very complex process, in particular for domain trust relationship situations. Also, in many scenarios it is impossible for winbind to correctly do this calculation due to access restrictions in the domains: winbind using its machine account simply does not have the rights to ask for an arbitrary user's group memberships.

When a user logs in to a Samba server, the domain controller correctly calculates the user's group memberships authoritatively and makes the information available to the Samba server. This is the only reliable way Samba can get informed about the groups a user is member of.

Because of its flakiness, the fallback group membership code was removed.

This means that "id <username>" without the user having logged in previously stops showing any supplementary groups. Also, it will show "DOMAIN\Domain Users" as the primary group. Once the user has logged in, "id <username>" will correctly show the primary group and supplementary group list.

winbind primary group and nss info

With 4.6, it will be possible to optionally use the primary group as set in the "Unix Attributes" tab for the local unix token of a domain user. Before 4.6, the Windows primary group was always chosen as primary group for the local unix token.

To activate the unix primary group, set

idmap config <DOMAIN> : unix_primary_group = yes

Similarly, set

idmap config <DOMAIN> : unix_nss_info = yes

to retrieve the home directory and login shell from the "Unix Attributes" of the user. This supersedes the "winbind nss info" parameter with a per-domain configuration option.

smb.conf changes

 Parameter Name                Description             Default
 --------------                -----------             -------
 kerberos encryption types     New                     all
 inherit owner                 New option
 fruit:resource                Spelling correction
 lsa over netlogon             New (deprecated)        no
 rpc server port               New                     0


KNOWN ISSUES

Currently none.

CHANGES SINCE 4.5.0rc1
  • Amitay Isaacs <amitay@gmail.com>
  • BUG #12469: CTDB lock helper getting stuck trying to lock a record.
  • BUG #12500: ctdb-common: Fix a bug in packet reading code for generic socket I/O.
  • BUG #12510: sock_daemon_test 4 crashes with SEGV.
  • BUG #12513: ctdb-daemon: Remove stale eventd socket.
  • Björn Jacke <bj@sernet.de>
  • BUG #12535: vfs_default: Unlock the right file in copy chunk.
  • Volker Lendecke <vl@samba.org>
  • BUG #12509: messaging: Fix dead but not cleaned-up-yet destination sockets.
  • BUG #12538: Backport winbind fixes.
  • Stefan Metzmacher <metze@samba.org>
  • BUG #12460: s3:winbindd: talloc_steal the extra_data in winbindd_list_users_recv().
  • Martin Schwenke <martin@meltin.net>
  • BUG #12511: ctdb-takeover: Handle case where there are no RELEASE_IPs to send.
  • BUG #12512: ctdb-scripts: Fix remaining uses of "ctdb gratiousarp".
  • BUG #12516: /etc/iproute2/rt_tables gets populated with multiple 'default' entries.
https://download.samba.org/pub/samba/rc/samba-4.6.0rc2.WHATSNEW.txt
https://download.samba.org/pub/samba/rc/samba-4.6.0rc1.WHATSNEW.txt