Samba 4.14 Features added/changed
- Release Notes for Samba 4.14rc1
- January 22, 2021
This is the first release candidate of Samba 4.14. This is *not* intended for production environments and is designed for testing purposes only. Please report any defects via the Samba bug reporting system at https://bugzilla.samba.org/.
Samba 4.14 will be the next version of the Samba suite.
New GPG key
The GPG release key for Samba releases changed from:
pub dsa1024/6F33915B6568B7EA 2007-02-04 [SC] [expires: 2021-02-05] Key fingerprint = 52FB C0B8 6D95 4B08 4332 4CDC 6F33 915B 6568 B7EA uid [ full ] Samba Distribution Verification Key <email@example.com> sub elg2048/9C6ED163DA6DFB44 2007-02-04 [E] [expires: 2021-02-05] to the following new key: pub rsa4096/AA99442FB680B620 2020-12-21 [SC] [expires: 2022-12-21] Key fingerprint = 81F5 E283 2BD2 545A 1897 B713 AA99 442F B680 B620 uid [ultimate] Samba Distribution Verification Key <firstname.lastname@example.org> sub rsa4096/97EF9386FBFD4002 2020-12-21 [E] [expires: 2022-12-21]
Starting from Jan 21th 2021, all Samba releases will be signed with the new key.
See also GPG_AA99442FB680B620_replaces_6F33915B6568B7EA.txt
Here is a copy of a clarification note added to the Samba code in the file: VFS-License-clarification.txt.
A clarification of our GNU GPL License enforcement boundary within the Samba Virtual File System (VFS) layer. Samba is licensed under the GNU GPL. All code committed to the Samba project or that creates a "modified version" or software "based on" Samba must be either licensed under the GNU GPL or a compatible license. Samba has several plug-in interfaces where external code may be called from Samba GNU GPL licensed code. The most important of these is the Samba VFS layer. Samba VFS modules are intimately connected by header files and API definitions to the part of the Samba code that provides file services, and as such, code that implements a plug-in Samba VFS module must be licensed under the GNU GPL or a compatible license. However, Samba VFS modules may themselves call third-party external libraries that are not part of the Samba project and are externally developed and maintained. As long as these third-party external libraries do not use any of the Samba internal structure, APIs or interface definitions created by the Samba project (to the extent that they would be considered subject to the GNU GPL), then the Samba Team will not consider such third-party external libraries called from Samba VFS modules as "based on" and/or creating a "modified version" of the Samba code for the purposes of GNU GPL. Accordingly, we do not require such libraries be licensed under the GNU GPL or a GNU GPL compatible license.
The effort to modernize Samba's VFS interface has reached a major milestone with the next release Samba 4.14.
For details please refer to the documentation at source3/modules/The_New_VFS.txt or visit the The_New_VFS.
Publishing printers in AD is more reliable and more printer features are added to the published information in AD. Samba now also supports Windows drivers for the ARM64 architecture.
Client Group Policy
This release extends Samba to support Group Policy functionality for Winbind clients. Active Directory Administrators can set policies that apply Sudoers configuration, and cron jobs to run hourly, daily, weekly or monthly.
To enable the application of Group Policies on a client, set the global smb.conf option 'apply group policies' to 'yes'. Policies are applied on an interval of every 90 minutes, plus a random offset between 0 and 30 minutes.
Policies applied by Samba are 'non-tattooing', meaning that changes can be reverted by executing the `samba-gpupdate --unapply` command. Policies can be re-applied using the `samba-gpupdate --force` command. To view what policies have been or will be applied to a system, use the `samba-gpupdate --rsop` command.
Administration of Samba policy requires that a Samba ADMX template be uploaded to the SYSVOL share. The samba-tool command `samba-tool gpo admxload` is provided as a convenient method for adding this policy. Once uploaded, policies can be modified in the Group Policy Management Editor under Computer Configuration/Policies/Administrative Templates. Alternatively, Samba policy may be managed using the `samba-tool gpo manage` command. This tool does not require the admx templates to be installed.
Python 3.6 or later required
Samba's minimum runtime requirement for python was raised to Python 3.6 with samba 4.13. Samba 4.14 raises this minimum version to Python 3.6 also to build Samba. It is no longer possible to build Samba (even just the file server) with Python versions 2.6 and 2.7.
As Python 2.7 has been End Of Life upstream since April 2020, Samba is dropping ALL Python 2.x support in this release.
NT4-like 'classic' Samba domain controllers
Samba 4.13 deprecates Samba's original domain controller mode.
Sites using Samba as a Domain Controller should upgrade from the NT4-like 'classic' Domain Controller to a Samba Active Directory DC to ensure full operation with modern windows clients.
SMBv1 only protocol options deprecated
A number of smb.conf parameters for less-secure authentication methods which are only possible over SMBv1 are deprecated in this release.
Miscellaneous samba-tool changes
The samba-tool commands to manage AD objects (e.g. users, computers and groups) now consistently use the "add" command when adding a new object to the AD. The previous deprecation warnings when using the "add" commands have been removed. For compatibility reasons, both the "add" and "create" commands can be used now.
Users, groups and contacts can now be renamed with the respective rename commands.
Locked users can be unlocked with the new "samba-tool user unlock" command.
The "samba-tool user list" and "samba-tool group listmembers" commands provide additional options to hide expired and disabled user accounts (--hide-expired and --hide-disabled).
- The NAT gateway and LVS features now uses the term "leader" to refer to the main node in a group through which traffic is routed and "follower" for other members of a group. The command for determining the leader has changed to "ctdb natgw leader" (from "ctdb natgw master"). The configuration keyword for indicating that a node can not be the leader of a group has changed to "follower-only" (from "slave-only"). Identical changes were made for LVS.
- Remove "ctdb isnotrecmaster" command. It isn't used by CTDB's scripts and can be checked by users with "ctdb pnn" and "ctdb recmaster".
The deprecated "ldap ssl ads" smb.conf option has been removed.
Parameter Name Description Default -------------- ----------- ------- smb encrypt Removed ldap ssl ads Removed client plaintext auth Deprecated no client NTLMv2 auth Deprecated yes client lanman auth Deprecated no client use spnego Deprecated yes domain logons Deprecated no raw NTLMv2 auth Deprecated no async dns timeout New 10 client smb encrypt New default honor change notify privilege New No smbd force process locks New No server smb encrypt New default