Asking for Help
The best place to ask for help with Linux CIFS is on the linux-cifs-client mailing list. When asking for help, it's best to provide some basic info:
- The kernel version you're using (the output of uname -r)
- The mount.cifs version you're using (mount.cifs -V)
- A clear, concise description of the problem
- A description of the CIFS server with which you're having trouble (Windows version if it's windows, samba version if it's samba, name of the appliance if it's something else)
- if you're able to mount the host, get the contents of /proc/fs/cifs/DebugData
The CIFS code contains a number of debugging statements that can be enabled. If you ask for help on the list, one of the developers may ask you for this info. You can also turn it on on your own, but it's not generally helpful unless you're willing to dig into the code.
To enable debugging, echo a non-zero value into /proc/fs/cifs/cifsFYI. For example:
# modprobe cifs # echo 7 > /proc/fs/cifs/cifsFYI
To disable it:
# echo 0 > /proc/fs/cifs/cifsFYI
These messages end up in the kernel ring buffer. You can view them using dmesg.
syslog will generally also pick up much of it, but if the rate of messages is rather large, syslog tends to drop it. Getting the info straight out of the ring buffer is generally preferred since that's lossless.
This debugging however can be rather chatty and have a significant impact on performance. It's often best to use this with easily reproducible problems. That is:
- turn on debugging
- reproduce the issue
- turn off debugging
Debugging info can contain sensitive data like IP addresses and filenames. Take care when sending this information.
It's sometimes helpful to capture wire traffic between the client and server. The easiest way to do this is with wireshark which is a graphical network analysis tool. In many cases however, it's not easy or possible to run wireshark directly on one of the hosts. In that case, it's often easier to capture the network traffic in binary format to a file and then feed it into an analyzer to look over it. That also makes it possible to send it to someone who can do some analysis on it.
Here's an example of doing this:
# tcpdump -i eth0 -s0 -w /tmp/cifs-traffic.pcap host cifs_server.example.com and port 445
...of course, tcpdump has a lot of options, so these are just an example. In particular you'll want to modify the capture filter depending on what machine you're running the capture on, etc...
The captured traffic in this above example will be in /mnt/cifs-traffic.pcap. Before sending these around, it's a good idea to compress them as they squash down fairly well.
In general, the SMB protocol can be fairly chatty so it's best to use this in a similar manner to the debugging above:
- start the capture
- reproduce the problem
- stop the capture
Wire captures can also contain sensitive data like addresses, password hashes, filenames and data. Be careful to whom you send it. In general, don't send this to mailing lists unless you know that the data isn't sensitive.