Difference between revisions of "Installing RSAT"

(Implementing Group Policies (GPO) in A Samba Domain)
m (Removed unnecessary word)
 
(32 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
= Samba AD management from Windows =
+
= Introduction =
  
We need install Windows 2003 Adminpak into Windows XP in order to use
+
To administer Active Directory (AD) from Windows, use the Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT). The tools are available for all platforms, Microsoft actively supports.
GUI tools to manage the domain.  Before you begin, make sure that the domain
 
administrators have administrative rights to control your computer.(To
 
give any user administrative rights in Windows XP Pro, right click My
 
Computer, select Manage-> choose Groups-> double click Administrators
 
and add members from domain into the member list. When you add
 
members from Active Directory, it will prompt you to enter an
 
Active Directory username and password).
 
  
== Step 1: Installing Windows Remote Administration Tools onto Windows ==
 
  
=== Windows Vista/7/8 ===
 
  
#Download the  Windows Remote Administration Tools from:
 
#* http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=9FF6E897-23CE-4A36-B7FC-D52065DE9960&displaylang=en (Vista)
 
#* http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=7D2F6AD7-656B-4313-A005-4E344E43997D&displaylang=en (Windows 7)
 
#* http://www.microsoft.com/download/details.aspx?id=28972 (Windows 8)
 
#Follow the "Install RSAT" instructions
 
*Note: After installing, you have to enable the features in "Turn Windows features on or off" in "Programs" of the Control Panel!)''.
 
  
=== Windows XP Pro ===
 
  
==== Administration Tools Pack & Support Tools ====
+
= Download =
# Download adminpak and supporttools from:
 
#* http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/en/details.aspx?FamilyID=86b71a4f-4122-44af-be79-3f101e533d95
 
#* http://download.microsoft.com/download/3/e/4/3e438f5e-24ef-4637-abd1-981341d349c7/WindowsServer2003-KB892777-SupportTools-x86-ENU.exe
 
#:If you installed an older version of the adminpak, you'll notice the dial-in tab is missing from property pages. Just follow the link above to get SP2 which does not have this issue.
 
# Run through the installation.
 
# Press start->run, type 'dsa.msc', if a window 'active directory users and computers' prompt up, it mean you had install adminpak it successfully.  You can also find this at Start>Programs>Administrative Tools, which should have a lot more items now.
 
# Go to c:\Program Files\Support Tools to check whether the support tools were installed correctly; if yes, then your XP workstation is ready to manage the Samba 4 Active Directory.
 
  
==== Group Policy Management Console ====
+
* Windows 10: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=45520
# You may also find the Group Policy Management Console useful. You can download it from
 
#* http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=0A6D4C24-8CBD-4B35-9272-DD3CBFC81887&displaylang=en
 
#:This is primarily useful when you have larger installs and are managing many machines. You may need to download the .NET Framework first.
 
  
== Step 2: Viewing Samba Active Directory Content ==
+
* Windows 8.1: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=39296
  
# When logged on as a Domain Administrator, start the Active Directory Users and Computers Snap-In, either by clicking Start -> Programs\Administrative Tools\Active Directory Users and Computers, or by clicking Start -> Run 'dsa.msc'
+
* Windows 8: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=28972
# Expand the samdom.example.com tree to see existing objects in the domain.
 
#:[[Image:Samba4dsa.msc.jpg]]
 
  
*Note: You can also manage users using the normal Windows AD user management tools.
+
* Windows 7: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=7887
  
= Setting Up Roaming Profiles =
+
* Windows Vista: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=21090
  
See the [[Samba_%26_Windows_Profiles|Samba & Windows Profiles HowTo]].
+
In Windows Server operating systems, the Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) are included.
  
= Adding Organization Units (OU) Into a Samba  Domain =
 
  
The Organizational Unit (OU) is a powerful feature in Active
 
Directory. This is a type of container which allows you to drag & drop
 
users and/or computers into it.
 
  
We can link several types of group policies to an OU, and the settings
 
will push out to all users/computers that sit under the OU. Within a single domain,
 
you can have as many OUs and sub-OUs as you'd like. The result is that
 
it can greatly reduce administrative overhead since you are able to
 
manage everything via an OU. The implementation of Group Policy will
 
be discussed in the next chapter.
 
  
Before we create an OU, we must know what one looks like. By default
 
we can see a sample OU called 'Domain Controllers', which uses a different
 
icon in the Windows management tools than the 'users' and 'computers'
 
containers. We can deploy Group Policy to the users or the computers container.
 
  
# To create an OU as the Domain Administrator, click Start -> Run -> dsa.msc
+
= Installation =
# Right click your domain.
 
# Select New -> Organizational Unit
 
# Type 'OU Demo'
 
# You will see a new OU appear, with the name 'OU Demo'.
 
# You can drag the user 'demo' into the new OU (Don't move other users! Unless you want to get stuck!).
 
# Right click 'OU Demo', A sub-OU can be created with New -> Organizational Unit.
 
  
Normally OUs are created according to the department setup of your
+
== Windows 8 and later ==
organization. Be careful not to confuse Groups and OUs. Groups are
 
used to control permissions, OUs are used for deploying settings to
 
all users/computers within the OU.
 
  
= Implementing Group Policies (GPO) in A Samba Domain =
+
* Start the downloaded installer and follow the instructions. All features are installed automatically.
  
Samba Active Directory has support for Group Policies, and can create
 
the Group Policy on the fly. The basic idea of Group Policies is:-
 
  
# Group Policies have two kinds of settings: computers and users.
 
# Computer settings apply to computers, while user settings apply to users.
 
# We link the group policy to a particular OU, and the group policy will effect all computers/users under the OU.
 
# To add a group policy, right click 'OU Demo' OU->properties.
 
# Choose group policy.
 
# Press new, and name it as 'GP Demo'.
 
# Press edit to modify the policy.
 
# Here will demonstrate how to block users from access to the control panel. Open the tree 'User Configuration'->'Administrative Templates'->'Control Panel'.
 
# Double click on 'Prohibit access to the Control Panel'.
 
# Press enabled and then press OK. Now the all users under 'OU Demo' won't able to access to the control panel.
 
# Make sure that the user 'demo' is inside the 'OU Demo' (You can drag and drop it).
 
# Logout and login as user 'demo'.
 
# You'll find user demo is not able to access control panel.
 
  
== Notes ==
+
== Windows Vista and 7 ==
:User configuration will take effect once you logout and login.
 
:Computer configuration will take effect when you restart the computer.
 
:GPO Password Policies are not read by Samba when assigning passwords, to change the policy that Samba uses you must use '''samba-tool domain passwordsettings'''
 
  
To learn more about managing and implementing organizational units, group policies, and Active Directory, try a web search for Google in Windows 2003 Active Directory implementation.
+
* Start the downloaded installer and follow the instructions.
 +
 
 +
* Click <code>Start</code>, enter <code>Programs and Features</code> into the search field and start the application.
 +
 
 +
* Select the features to install:
 +
: The following are the recommended features to administer a Samba Active Directory installation:
 +
 
 +
:{| class="wikitable"
 +
!Feature
 +
!Description
 +
|-
 +
|Group Policy Management Tools
 +
|Provides the Group Policy MMC Snap-ins: Management Tool, Management Editor and Starter GPO Editor.
 +
|-
 +
|Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell
 +
|Optional. Enables Active Directory (AD) PowerShell cmdlets.
 +
|-
 +
|AD DS Tools
 +
|Provides the <code>Active Directory Users and Computers</code> (ADUC) and <code>Active Directory Sites and Services</code> MMC Snap-in.
 +
|-
 +
|Server for NIS Tools
 +
|Adds the <code>UNIX Attributes</code> tab to ADUC objects properties. It enables you to configure [[Idmap_config_ad|RFC2307 attributes]].
 +
|-
 +
|DNS Server tools
 +
|DNS MMC Snap-in for remote DNS management.
 +
|-
 +
|Remote Desktop Services Tool
 +
|Optional. Adds the <code>Remote Desktop Services Profile</code> tab to the ADUC user object's properties and installs the <code>RDP server administration</code> MMC Snap-in. Install this feature to configure remote desktop protocol (RDP) settings in ADUC.
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
* Click <code>OK</code> to install the features.
 +
 
 +
You can find the installed tools in the <code>Administrative tools</code> menu in your start menu. Alternatively, add the Snap-ins in the MMC using the <code>File</code> / <code>Add/Remove Snap-in</code> menu.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Windows Server ==
 +
 
 +
* Start the <code>Server Manager</code>.
 +
 
 +
* On Windows Server 2012, 2012 R2, and 2016:
 +
:* Click <code>Add roles and features</code>.
 +
:* Select <code>Role-based or feature-based installation</code>.
 +
:* Select the host on which to install the features.
 +
:* Click <code>Next</code> on the <code>Roles</code> page.
 +
 
 +
* On Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2:
 +
:*Select <code>Features</code> in the navigation tree and click <code>Add Features</code>.
 +
 
 +
* Select the features to install:
 +
: The following are the recommended features to administer a Samba Active Directory installation:
 +
 
 +
:{| class="wikitable"
 +
!Feature
 +
!Description
 +
|-
 +
|Group Policy Management
 +
|Provides the Group Policy MMC Snap-ins: Management Tool, Management Editor and Starter GPO Editor.
 +
|-
 +
|AD DS Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools
 +
|Optional. Provides the <code>Active Directory Users and Computers</code> (ADUC) and <code>Active Directory Sites and Services</code> MMC Snap-in.
 +
|-
 +
|Server for NIS Tools
 +
|Adds the <code>UNIX Attributes</code> tab to ADUC objects properties. It enables you to configure [[Idmap_config_ad|RFC2307 attributes]].<br />This feature is not supported in Windows Server 2016. For details, see [[#Missing_.22Unix_Attributes.22_tab_in_ADUC_on_Windows_10|Missing "Unix Attributes" tab in ADUC on Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016]].
 +
|-
 +
|Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell
 +
|Enables Active Directory (AD) PowerShell cmdlets.
 +
|-
 +
|DNS Server tools
 +
|DNS MMC Snap-in for remote DNS management.
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
= Enabling the <code>Advanced Features</code> Mode =
 +
 
 +
Many Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) provide additional features and options after enabling the <code>Advanced Features</code> option. To activate:
 +
 
 +
* Select the root of the navigation tree on the left side.
 +
 
 +
* Open the <code>View</code> menu.
 +
 
 +
* Select <code>Advanced Features</code>.
 +
 
 +
:[[Image:ADUC_Enabling_Advanced_Features.png]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
= Missing <code>Unix Attributes</code> tab in ADUC on Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 =
 +
 
 +
Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 do not support the <code>Server for NIS Tools</code> option. Without this feature, the Active Directory User and Computer (ADUC) console does not show the <code>Unix Attributes</code> tab on user and group objects. To work around this problem, set the attributes in Active Directory (AD) manually or use a different Windows operating system.
 +
 
 +
To manually set the attributes, use the <code>Attributes</code> tab on user and group object's properties. Note that this tab is only visible if you enabled the advanced features in ADUC. For further details, see [[#Enabling_the_Advanced_Features_Mode|Enabling the "Advanced Features" Mode]].
 +
 
 +
The fields from the <code>Unix Attributes</code> tab are mapped to the following AD attributes of the object:
 +
 
 +
* Users:
 +
 
 +
:{| class="wikitable"
 +
!Field on the "Unix Attributes" tab
 +
!Active Directory attribute
 +
|-
 +
|NIS Domain
 +
|msSFU30NisDomain
 +
|-
 +
|UID
 +
|uidNumber
 +
|-
 +
|Logon Shell
 +
|loginShell
 +
|-
 +
|Home Directory
 +
|unixHomeDirectory
 +
|-
 +
|Primary group name/GID
 +
|primaryGroupID
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
* Groups:
 +
 
 +
:{| class="wikitable"
 +
!Field on the "Unix Attributes" tab
 +
!Active Directory attribute
 +
|-
 +
|NIS Domain
 +
|msSFU30NisDomain
 +
|-
 +
|GID (Group ID)
 +
|gidNumber
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
{{Imbox
 +
| type = note
 +
| text = If you set user IDs (UID) and group IDs (GID) manually, you must also track the last used UID and GID numbers manually.
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
= Reporting Problems and Incompatibilities =
 +
 
 +
To report problems or incompatibilities when using the Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT), see [[Bug_Reporting|Bug Reporting]].
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
----
 +
[[Category:Active Directory]]
 +
[[Category:User Management]]
 +
[[Category:Group Policy Management]]
 +
[[Category:DNS]]

Latest revision as of 06:51, 1 June 2017

Introduction

To administer Active Directory (AD) from Windows, use the Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT). The tools are available for all platforms, Microsoft actively supports.



Download

In Windows Server operating systems, the Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) are included.



Installation

Windows 8 and later

  • Start the downloaded installer and follow the instructions. All features are installed automatically.


Windows Vista and 7

  • Start the downloaded installer and follow the instructions.
  • Click Start, enter Programs and Features into the search field and start the application.
  • Select the features to install:
The following are the recommended features to administer a Samba Active Directory installation:
Feature Description
Group Policy Management Tools Provides the Group Policy MMC Snap-ins: Management Tool, Management Editor and Starter GPO Editor.
Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell Optional. Enables Active Directory (AD) PowerShell cmdlets.
AD DS Tools Provides the Active Directory Users and Computers (ADUC) and Active Directory Sites and Services MMC Snap-in.
Server for NIS Tools Adds the UNIX Attributes tab to ADUC objects properties. It enables you to configure RFC2307 attributes.
DNS Server tools DNS MMC Snap-in for remote DNS management.
Remote Desktop Services Tool Optional. Adds the Remote Desktop Services Profile tab to the ADUC user object's properties and installs the RDP server administration MMC Snap-in. Install this feature to configure remote desktop protocol (RDP) settings in ADUC.
  • Click OK to install the features.

You can find the installed tools in the Administrative tools menu in your start menu. Alternatively, add the Snap-ins in the MMC using the File / Add/Remove Snap-in menu.


Windows Server

  • Start the Server Manager.
  • On Windows Server 2012, 2012 R2, and 2016:
  • Click Add roles and features.
  • Select Role-based or feature-based installation.
  • Select the host on which to install the features.
  • Click Next on the Roles page.
  • On Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2:
  • Select Features in the navigation tree and click Add Features.
  • Select the features to install:
The following are the recommended features to administer a Samba Active Directory installation:
Feature Description
Group Policy Management Provides the Group Policy MMC Snap-ins: Management Tool, Management Editor and Starter GPO Editor.
AD DS Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools Optional. Provides the Active Directory Users and Computers (ADUC) and Active Directory Sites and Services MMC Snap-in.
Server for NIS Tools Adds the UNIX Attributes tab to ADUC objects properties. It enables you to configure RFC2307 attributes.
This feature is not supported in Windows Server 2016. For details, see Missing "Unix Attributes" tab in ADUC on Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016.
Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell Enables Active Directory (AD) PowerShell cmdlets.
DNS Server tools DNS MMC Snap-in for remote DNS management.



Enabling the Advanced Features Mode

Many Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) provide additional features and options after enabling the Advanced Features option. To activate:

  • Select the root of the navigation tree on the left side.
  • Open the View menu.
  • Select Advanced Features.
ADUC Enabling Advanced Features.png



Missing Unix Attributes tab in ADUC on Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016

Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 do not support the Server for NIS Tools option. Without this feature, the Active Directory User and Computer (ADUC) console does not show the Unix Attributes tab on user and group objects. To work around this problem, set the attributes in Active Directory (AD) manually or use a different Windows operating system.

To manually set the attributes, use the Attributes tab on user and group object's properties. Note that this tab is only visible if you enabled the advanced features in ADUC. For further details, see Enabling the "Advanced Features" Mode.

The fields from the Unix Attributes tab are mapped to the following AD attributes of the object:

  • Users:
Field on the "Unix Attributes" tab Active Directory attribute
NIS Domain msSFU30NisDomain
UID uidNumber
Logon Shell loginShell
Home Directory unixHomeDirectory
Primary group name/GID primaryGroupID
  • Groups:
Field on the "Unix Attributes" tab Active Directory attribute
NIS Domain msSFU30NisDomain
GID (Group ID) gidNumber




Reporting Problems and Incompatibilities

To report problems or incompatibilities when using the Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT), see Bug Reporting.