Idmap config rid

Revision as of 18:58, 5 November 2016 by Hortimech (talk | contribs) (/* moved line)

Introduction

The "idmap_rid" module implements a read-only API to retrieve account and group information from a Domain Controller. It assigns IDs from a defined range, which will be stored in a local database. The values for login shell and home directory will be set via smb.conf parameter and are the same for all users on this host.

  • Advantages:
  • Easy and fast to setup
  • No requirement to track already used IDs
  • No write access to the domain databases (DC) required
  • All accounts/groups are automatically available on this host. No need to set attributes
  • Disadvantages:
  • All users have the same login shell (e. g. /bin/bash or /sbin/nologin) and home directory base path (e. g. /home/...)
  • A corrupt local idmap database on a host means loosing file ownership information.
  • Different IDs on DCs
  • All accounts/groups are automatically available on this host. No way to exclude some (need to be done via service limitation, like "invalid users=...", or the like)

An alternative in an Active Directory is idmap_ad.



The mapping formula

The Unix ID for a RID is calculated this way:

ID = RID - BASE_RID + LOW_RANGE_ID.

Correspondingly, the formula for calculating the RID for a given Unix ID is this:

RID = ID + BASE_RID - LOW_RANGE_ID.



smb.conf settings

Add the following to the [global] section of your smb.conf:

[global]
       ...
       # Do not use these lines on a DC, they will do NOTHING!
                                                                     
       # Important: The ranges of the default (*) idmap config
       # and the domain(s) must not overlap!
           
       # Default idmap config used for BUILTIN and local windows accounts/groups
       idmap config *:backend = tdb
       idmap config *:range = 2000-9999

       # idmap config for domain SAMDOM
       idmap config SAMDOM:backend = rid
       idmap config SAMDOM:range = 10000-99999

       # Use template settings for login shell and home directory
       winbind nss info = template
       template shell = /sbin/bash
       template homedir = /home/%U

See the manpage of smb.conf and idmap_rid for information about the parameters and options used.