Difference between revisions of "Configure Samba to Work Better with Mac OS X"

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Other than those shown in the [TimeMachineBackup] share below, I recommend you include all parameters in the [Global] section of smb.conf.  
 
Other than those shown in the [TimeMachineBackup] share below, I recommend you include all parameters in the [Global] section of smb.conf.  
 
For ease of copy > paste, a clean smb.conf section is included at the bottom of this page.
 
For ease of copy > paste, a clean smb.conf section is included at the bottom of this page.
 
First check what is in Samba:
 
:check Samba version: <code>#: smbd -V</code> - minimum is 4.2 to have any Mac OS X extensions (vfs_fruit)
 
:check build options: <code>#: smbd -b</code> - look for  vfs_catia, vfs_fruit, vfs_streams_xattr and various aio_ "includes" or modules
 
  
 
  [Global]
 
  [Global]
Apple extensions ("AAPL") run under SMB2/3 protocol, make that the minimum (probably shouldn't be running SMB1 anyway...):
+
Apple extensions ("AAPL") run under SMB2/3 protocol, make that the minimum (probably shouldn't be running SMB1 anyway...) - defaults to SMB2_2 in Samba 4.11+:
 
  min protocol = SMB2  
 
  min protocol = SMB2  
 
Apple extensions require support for extended attributes(xattr) - defaults to yes in Samba 4.9+:
 
Apple extensions require support for extended attributes(xattr) - defaults to yes in Samba 4.9+:
 
  ea support = yes
 
  ea support = yes
 
Load in modules (order is critical!) and enable AAPL extensions:
 
Load in modules (order is critical!) and enable AAPL extensions:
  vfs objects = catia fruit streams_xattr   
+
  vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr   
 
How to store OS X metadata:
 
How to store OS X metadata:
 
  fruit:metadata = stream
 
  fruit:metadata = stream
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Server icon in Finder (added in Samba 4.5):
 
Server icon in Finder (added in Samba 4.5):
 
  fruit:model = MacSamba
 
  fruit:model = MacSamba
Spotlight on Samba server (added in Samba 4.3) - if Gnome Tracker runs on server, change to "yes":
 
spotlight = no
 
 
File cleanup:
 
File cleanup:
delete veto files = true
+
  fruit:veto_appledouble = no
  fruit:veto_appledouble = yes
 
 
  ...added in Samba 4.3
 
  ...added in Samba 4.3
 
  fruit:posix_rename = yes  
 
  fruit:posix_rename = yes  
Line 34: Line 27:
 
  fruit:wipe_intentionally_left_blank_rfork = yes  
 
  fruit:wipe_intentionally_left_blank_rfork = yes  
 
  fruit:delete_empty_adfiles = yes  
 
  fruit:delete_empty_adfiles = yes  
If Samba server supports only Unix/OS X/Android clients:
+
 
  disable netbios = yes
+
For Spotlight backend indexing using Elastisearch (added in Samba 4.12):
  dns proxy = no
+
  [share]
smb ports = 445
+
  spotlight backend = elastisearch
name resolve order = host bcast
+
See smb.conf for 4.12 for other Elastisearch parameters.
 +
Gnome tracker is still available (= tracker) or no indexing (= noindex), the default.
  
 
For Time Machine backup share (added in Samba 4.8):
 
For Time Machine backup share (added in Samba 4.8):
 
  [TimeMachineBackup]
 
  [TimeMachineBackup]
  vfs objects = catia fruit streams_xattr
+
  vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr
 
  fruit:time machine = yes
 
  fruit:time machine = yes
If set on Samba server, omit this parameter:
 
fruit:time machine max size = SIZE
 
Indexing is not recommended for Time Machine:
 
spotlight = no
 
  
 
As far as I know, testparm will not validate vfs_fruit parameters. (my server runs an old version of Samba :-), but after you have built your smb.conf, you can check for errors anyway with <code>#: testparm</code> or <code>#: testparm -v</code> (which will give you the defaults as well.
 
As far as I know, testparm will not validate vfs_fruit parameters. (my server runs an old version of Samba :-), but after you have built your smb.conf, you can check for errors anyway with <code>#: testparm</code> or <code>#: testparm -v</code> (which will give you the defaults as well.
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  [Global]
 
  [Global]
 
  min protocol = SMB2
 
  min protocol = SMB2
ea support = yes
+
  vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr   
  vfs objects = catia fruit streams_xattr   
+
  fruit:metadata = stream
fruit:aapl = yes
 
readdir_attr:aapl_rsize = yes
 
readdir_attr:aapl_finder_info = yes
 
readdir_attr:aapl_max_access = yes
 
fruit:nfs_aces = yes
 
fruit:copyfile= yes
 
  fruit:metadata = netatalk
 
fruit:resource = file
 
fruit:locking = none
 
fruit:encoding = private
 
unix extensions = yes
 
 
  fruit:model = MacSamba
 
  fruit:model = MacSamba
spotlight = no
 
smb2 max read = 8388608
 
smb2 max write = 8388608
 
smb2 max trans = 8388608
 
smb2 leases = yes
 
aio read size = 1
 
aio write size = 1
 
kernel oplocks = no
 
use sendfile = yes
 
strict sync = yes
 
sync always = no
 
delete veto files = true
 
 
  fruit:posix_rename = yes  
 
  fruit:posix_rename = yes  
  fruit:veto_appledouble = yes
+
  fruit:veto_appledouble = no
fruit:zero_file_id = yes
 
 
  fruit:wipe_intentionally_left_blank_rfork = yes  
 
  fruit:wipe_intentionally_left_blank_rfork = yes  
 
  fruit:delete_empty_adfiles = yes  
 
  fruit:delete_empty_adfiles = yes  
disable netbios = yes
 
dns proxy = no
 
smb ports = 445
 
name resolve order = host bcast
 
 
   
 
   
 
  [TimeMachineBackup]
 
  [TimeMachineBackup]
  vfs objects = catia fruit streams_xattr
+
  vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr
 
  fruit:time machine = yes
 
  fruit:time machine = yes
  #  fruit:time machine max size = SIZE <<<<<
+
  #  fruit:time machine max size = SIZE
strict sync = yes
+
 
  spotlight = no
+
From Finder, connect to your Samba server using "smb://User@Server".
 +
Note that TM backups over smb may now be possible with your server.
 +
Other Mac models can be found in "/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Info.plist". Use "Quick Look", Xcode or plutil to view or convert plist.

Latest revision as of 19:54, 21 July 2020

Below are suggested parameters to use in smb.conf file of the Samba server to improve operability with Mac OS X clients. Note that some parameters may not work with your version of Samba - read the smb.conf and vfs_fruit man pages (on Linux) for your system. Other than those shown in the [TimeMachineBackup] share below, I recommend you include all parameters in the [Global] section of smb.conf. For ease of copy > paste, a clean smb.conf section is included at the bottom of this page.

[Global]

Apple extensions ("AAPL") run under SMB2/3 protocol, make that the minimum (probably shouldn't be running SMB1 anyway...) - defaults to SMB2_2 in Samba 4.11+:

min protocol = SMB2 

Apple extensions require support for extended attributes(xattr) - defaults to yes in Samba 4.9+:

ea support = yes

Load in modules (order is critical!) and enable AAPL extensions:

vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr  

How to store OS X metadata:

fruit:metadata = stream

For additional setting see the manpage vfs_fruit.

Server icon in Finder (added in Samba 4.5):

fruit:model = MacSamba

File cleanup:

fruit:veto_appledouble = no
...added in Samba 4.3
fruit:posix_rename = yes 
...added in Samba 4.5
fruit:zero_file_id = yes
..added in Samba 4.8
fruit:wipe_intentionally_left_blank_rfork = yes 
fruit:delete_empty_adfiles = yes 

For Spotlight backend indexing using Elastisearch (added in Samba 4.12):

[share]
spotlight backend = elastisearch

See smb.conf for 4.12 for other Elastisearch parameters. Gnome tracker is still available (= tracker) or no indexing (= noindex), the default.

For Time Machine backup share (added in Samba 4.8):

[TimeMachineBackup]
vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr
fruit:time machine = yes

As far as I know, testparm will not validate vfs_fruit parameters. (my server runs an old version of Samba :-), but after you have built your smb.conf, you can check for errors anyway with #: testparm or #: testparm -v (which will give you the defaults as well.

Here is the smb.conf code - NOTE - THIS IS NOT A COMPLETE SMB.CONF!!!

[Global]
min protocol = SMB2
vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr  
fruit:metadata = stream
fruit:model = MacSamba
fruit:posix_rename = yes 
fruit:veto_appledouble = no
fruit:wipe_intentionally_left_blank_rfork = yes 
fruit:delete_empty_adfiles = yes 

[TimeMachineBackup]
vfs objects = fruit streams_xattr
fruit:time machine = yes
#  fruit:time machine max size = SIZE

From Finder, connect to your Samba server using "smb://User@Server". Note that TM backups over smb may now be possible with your server. Other Mac models can be found in "/System/Library/CoreServices/CoreTypes.bundle/Contents/Info.plist". Use "Quick Look", Xcode or plutil to view or convert plist.