Difference between revisions of "Configure DHCP to update DNS records"

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m (/* minor update, mainly preconditions)
m
 
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Line 1: Line 1:
 
= Introduction =
 
= Introduction =
   
This HowTo describes how to configure isc DHCP to update a Samba DC BIND DNS backend. See [[Setting_up_a_BIND_DNS_Server]] for how to set up Bind.
+
This HowTo describes how to configure isc DHCP to update Samba dns records in AD.
   
It has not been tested with the Samba AD internal DNS server and it probably will not work with the Samba AD internal DNS.
+
It has now been tested with the Samba AD internal DNS server and BIND9_DLZ.
   
 
This HowTo is based on a Debian OS install, the paths given may be different if you use another OS.
 
This HowTo is based on a Debian OS install, the paths given may be different if you use another OS.
  +
  +
The script has now been modified to use <code>samba-tool</code> instead of <code>nsupdate</code>, it also can optionally add the <code>macAddress</code> attribute to a computers AD object, this attribute will contain the computers MAC address.
   
   
Line 13: Line 15:
 
* The computer has been provisioned as an AD DC and the samba, smbd and winbindd daemons are running.
 
* The computer has been provisioned as an AD DC and the samba, smbd and winbindd daemons are running.
   
  +
* You have created any required reverse zones.
* Bind9_dlz is installed and working on the Samba AD DC, tested with various 9.x versions.
 
 
* You have created the reverse zone.
 
   
 
* You are logged into the DC as 'root'
 
* You are logged into the DC as 'root'
   
  +
* If using Bind9, Bind9_dlz must be installed and working on the Samba AD DC that you are doing this on. Tested with various 9.x versions.
* You are doing this on the same DC as Bind9 is installed on
 
   
   
Line 44: Line 44:
 
# apt-get install isc-dhcp-server
 
# apt-get install isc-dhcp-server
   
  +
Or on FreeBSD:
 
  +
# pkg install isc-dhcp44-server
   
 
= Create a user to carry out the updates =
 
= Create a user to carry out the updates =
Line 57: Line 58:
 
# samba-tool group addmembers DnsAdmins dhcpduser
 
# samba-tool group addmembers DnsAdmins dhcpduser
   
Now export the required keytab.
+
Now export the required keytab. On FreeBSD change <code>/etc/dhcpduser.keytab</code> to <code>/usr/local/etc/dhcpduser.keytab</code>
   
# samba-tool domain exportkeytab --principal=dhcpduser@SAMDOM.EXAMPLE.COM /etc/dhcp/dhcpduser.keytab
+
# samba-tool domain exportkeytab --principal=dhcpduser@SAMDOM.EXAMPLE.COM /etc/dhcpduser.keytab
# chown root:root /etc/dhcp/dhcpduser.keytab
+
# chown root:root /etc/dhcpduser.keytab
# chmod 400 /etc/dhcp/dhcpduser.keytab
+
# chmod 400 /etc/dhcpduser.keytab
 
{{Imbox
 
{{Imbox
 
| type = note
 
| type = note
| text = In the <code>chown</code> command above <code>root:root</code> is used, you need to check what user & group DHCP runs as on your distro and if different, change <code>root:root</code> to the correct user & group.
+
| text = In the <code>chown</code> command above <code>root:root</code> is used, you need to check what user & group DHCP runs as on your distro and if different, change <code>root:root</code> to the correct user & group. On FreeBSD this is <code>dhcpd:dhcpd</code>.
 
}}
 
}}
   
Line 70: Line 71:
 
= Create the script for the updates =
 
= Create the script for the updates =
   
  +
Copy this script to /usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh
First make a directory to store the script in.
 
 
# mkdir -p /etc/dhcp/bin
 
 
Next, copy this script to /etc/dhcp/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh
 
   
 
#!/bin/bash
 
#!/bin/bash
  +
# On FreeBSD change the above line to #!/usr/local/bin/bash
  +
#
  +
# /usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh
  +
#
  +
# This script is for secure DDNS updates on Samba,
  +
# it can also add the 'macAddress' to the Computers object.
  +
#
  +
# Version: 0.9.5
  +
#
  +
# Copyright (C) Rowland Penny 2020-2022
  +
#
  +
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  +
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  +
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
  +
# (at your option) any later version.
  +
#
  +
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  +
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  +
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
  +
# GNU General Public License for more details.
  +
#
  +
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  +
# along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 
 
  +
# You may need to ensure that you have a useful path
# /etc/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh
 
  +
# If you have 'path' problems, Uncomment the next line and adjust for
  +
# your setup e.g. self-compiled Samba
  +
#export PATH=/usr/local/samba/bin:/usr/local/samba/sbin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin
  +
  +
##########################################################################
  +
# #
  +
# You can optionally add the 'macAddress' to the Computers object. #
  +
# Add 'dhcpduser' to the 'Domain Admins' group if used #
  +
# Change the next line to 'yes' to make this happen #
  +
Add_macAddress='no'
  +
# #
  +
##########################################################################
  +
  +
# On FreeBSD change this to /usr/local/etc/dhcpduser.keytab
  +
keytab=/etc/dhcpduser.keytab
  +
  +
usage()
  +
{
  +
cat <<-EOF
  +
USAGE:
  +
$(basename "$0") add ip-address dhcid|mac-address hostname
  +
$(basename "$0") delete ip-address dhcid|mac-address
  +
EOF
  +
}
  +
  +
_KERBEROS()
  +
{
  +
# get current time as a number
  +
test=$(date +%d'-'%m'-'%y' '%H':'%M':'%S)
  +
# Note: there have been problems with this
  +
# check that 'date' returns something like
  +
  +
# Check for valid kerberos ticket
  +
#logger "${test} [dyndns] : Running check for valid kerberos ticket"
  +
klist -c "${KRB5CCNAME}" -s
  +
ret="$?"
  +
if [ $ret -ne 0 ]
  +
then
  +
logger "${test} [dyndns] : Getting new ticket, old one has expired"
  +
# On FreeBSD change the -F to --no-forwardable
  +
kinit -F -k -t $keytab "${SETPRINCIPAL}"
  +
ret="$?"
  +
if [ $ret -ne 0 ]
  +
then
  +
logger "${test} [dyndns] : dhcpd kinit for dynamic DNS failed"
  +
exit 1
  +
fi
  +
fi
  +
}
  +
  +
rev_zone_info()
  +
{
  +
local RevZone="$1"
  +
local IP="$2"
  +
local rzoneip
  +
rzoneip="${RevZone%.in-addr.arpa}"
  +
local rzonenum
  +
rzonenum=$(echo "$rzoneip" | tr '.' '\n')
  +
declare -a words
  +
for n in $rzonenum
  +
do
  +
words+=("$n")
  +
done
  +
local numwords="${#words[@]}"
  +
  +
unset ZoneIP
  +
unset RZIP
  +
unset IP2add
  +
  +
case "$numwords" in
  +
1)
  +
# single ip rev zone '192'
  +
ZoneIP=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $1}')
  +
RZIP="${rzoneip}"
  +
IP2add=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $4"."$3"."$2}')
  +
;;
  +
2)
  +
# double ip rev zone '168.192'
  +
ZoneIP=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $1"."$2}')
  +
RZIP=$(echo "${rzoneip}" | awk -F '.' '{print $2"."$1}')
  +
IP2add=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $4"."$3}')
  +
;;
  +
3)
  +
# triple ip rev zone '0.168.192'
  +
ZoneIP=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $1"."$2"."$3}')
  +
RZIP=$(echo "${rzoneip}" | awk -F '.' '{print $3"."$2"."$1}')
  +
IP2add=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $4}')
  +
;;
  +
*)
  +
# should never happen
  +
exit 1
  +
;;
  +
esac
  +
}
  +
  +
BINDIR=$(samba -b | grep 'BINDIR' | grep -v 'SBINDIR' | awk '{print $NF}')
  +
<nowiki>[[ -z $BINDIR ]] && printf "Cannot find the 'samba' binary, is it installed ?\\nOr is your path set correctly ?\\n"</nowiki>
  +
WBINFO="$BINDIR/wbinfo"
  +
  +
SAMBATOOL=$(command -v samba-tool)
  +
<nowiki>[[ -z $SAMBATOOL ]] && printf "Cannot find the 'samba-tool' binary, is it installed ?\\nOr is your path set correctly ?\\n"</nowiki>
  +
  +
MINVER=$($SAMBATOOL -V | grep -o '[0-9]*' | tr '\n' ' ' | awk '{print $2}')
  +
if [ "$MINVER" -gt '14' ]
  +
then
  +
KTYPE="--use-kerberos=required"
  +
else
  +
KTYPE="-k yes"
  +
fi
 
 
  +
# DHCP Server hostname
# This script is for secure DDNS updates on Samba 4
 
  +
Server=$(hostname -s)
# Version: 0.8.8
 
 
 
 
# DNS domain
 
# DNS domain
 
domain=$(hostname -d)
 
domain=$(hostname -d)
if [ -z ${domain} ]; then
+
if [ -z "${domain}" ]
  +
then
echo "Cannot obtain domain name, is DNS set up correctly?"
 
  +
logger "Cannot obtain domain name, is DNS set up correctly?"
echo "Cannot continue... Exiting."
 
logger "Cannot obtain domain name, is DNS set up correctly?"
+
logger "Cannot continue... Exiting."
  +
exit 1
logger "Cannot continue... Exiting."
 
exit 1
 
 
fi
 
fi
 
 
# Samba 4 realm
+
# Samba realm
REALM=$(echo ${domain^^})
+
REALM="${domain^^}"
 
# Additional nsupdate flags (-g already applied), e.g. "-d" for debug
 
#NSUPDFLAGS="-d"
 
 
 
 
# krbcc ticket cache
 
# krbcc ticket cache
Line 104: Line 229:
 
# Kerberos principal
 
# Kerberos principal
 
SETPRINCIPAL="dhcpduser@${REALM}"
 
SETPRINCIPAL="dhcpduser@${REALM}"
# Kerberos keytab
+
# Kerberos keytab as above
  +
# krbcc ticket cache : /tmp/dhcp-dyndns.cc
# /etc/dhcpduser.keytab
 
  +
TESTUSER="$($WBINFO -u | grep 'dhcpduser')"
# krbcc ticket cache
 
  +
if [ -z "${TESTUSER}" ]
# /tmp/dhcp-dyndns.cc
 
  +
then
 
  +
logger "No AD dhcp user exists, need to create it first.. exiting."
TESTUSER=$(wbinfo -u | grep dhcpduser)
 
  +
logger "you can do this by typing the following commands"
if [ -z "${TESTUSER}" ]; then
 
  +
logger "kinit Administrator@${REALM}"
echo "No AD dhcp user exists, need to create it first.. exiting."
 
  +
logger "$SAMBATOOL user create dhcpduser --random-password --description='Unprivileged user for DNS updates via ISC DHCP server'"
echo "you can do this by typing the following commands"
 
  +
logger "$SAMBATOOL user setexpiry dhcpduser --noexpiry"
echo "kinit Administrator@${REALM}"
 
  +
logger "$SAMBATOOL group addmembers DnsAdmins dhcpduser"
echo "samba-tool user create dhcpduser --random-password --description=\"Unprivileged user for DNS updates via ISC DHCP server\""
 
  +
exit 1
echo "samba-tool user setexpiry dhcpduser --noexpiry"
 
echo "samba-tool group addmembers DnsAdmins dhcpduser"
 
exit 1
 
 
fi
 
fi
 
 
 
# Check for Kerberos keytab
 
# Check for Kerberos keytab
if [ ! -f /etc/dhcp/dhcpduser.keytab ]; then
+
if [ ! -f /etc/dhcpduser.keytab ]
  +
then
echo "Required keytab /etc/dhcpduser.keytab not found, it needs to be created."
 
  +
logger "Required keytab $keytab not found, it needs to be created."
echo "Use the following commands as root"
 
  +
logger "Use the following commands as root"
echo "samba-tool domain exportkeytab --principal=${SETPRINCIPAL} /etc/dhcpduser.keytab"
 
  +
logger "$SAMBATOOL domain exportkeytab --principal=${SETPRINCIPAL} $keytab"
echo "chown XXXX:XXXX /etc/dhcpduser.keytab"
 
  +
logger "chown XXXX:XXXX $keytab"
echo "Replace 'XXXX:XXXX' with the user & group that dhcpd runs as on your distro"
 
  +
logger "Replace 'XXXX:XXXX' with the user & group that dhcpd runs as on your distro"
echo "chmod 400 /etc/dhcpduser.keytab"
 
  +
logger "chmod 400 $keytab"
exit 1
 
  +
exit 1
 
fi
 
fi
 
 
 
# Variables supplied by dhcpd.conf
 
# Variables supplied by dhcpd.conf
action=$1
+
action="$1"
ip=$2
+
ip="$2"
DHCID=$3
+
DHCID="$3"
name=${4%%.*}
+
name="${4%%.*}"
 
 
  +
# Exit if no ip address
usage()
 
  +
if [ -z "${ip}" ]
{
 
  +
then
echo "USAGE:"
 
  +
usage
echo " `basename $0` add ip-address dhcid|mac-address hostname"
 
  +
exit 1
echo " `basename $0` delete ip-address dhcid|mac-address"
 
}
+
fi
 
 
  +
# Exit if no computer name supplied, unless the action is 'delete'
_KERBEROS () {
 
  +
if [ -z "${name}" ]
# get current time as a number
 
  +
then
test=$(date +%d'-'%m'-'%y' '%H':'%M':'%S)
 
  +
if [ "${action}" = "delete" ]
# Note: there have been problems with this
 
  +
then
# check that 'date' returns something like
 
  +
name=$(host -t PTR "${ip}" | awk '{print $NF}' | awk -F '.' '{print $1}')
# 04-09-15 09:38:14
 
  +
else
 
  +
usage
# Check for valid kerberos ticket
 
  +
exit 1
#logger "${test} [dyndns] : Running check for valid kerberos ticket"
 
  +
fi
klist -c /tmp/dhcp-dyndns.cc -s
 
if [ "$?" != "0" ]; then
 
logger "${test} [dyndns] : Getting new ticket, old one has expired"
 
kinit -F -k -t /etc/dhcp/dhcpduser.keytab -c /tmp/dhcp-dyndns.cc "${SETPRINCIPAL}"
 
if [ "$?" != "0" ]; then
 
logger "${test} [dyndns] : dhcpd kinit for dynamic DNS failed"
 
exit 1;
 
fi
 
 
fi
 
fi
 
 
  +
# exit if name contains a space
}
 
  +
case ${name} in
  +
*\ * )
  +
logger "Invalid hostname '${name}' ...Exiting"
  +
exit
  +
;;
  +
esac
 
 
  +
# if you want computers with a hostname that starts with 'dhcp' in AD
# Exit if no ip address or mac-address
 
  +
# comment the following block of code.
if [ -z "${ip}" ] || [ -z "${DHCID}" ]; then
 
  +
<nowiki>if [[ $name == dhcp* ]]</nowiki>
usage
 
  +
then
exit 1
 
  +
logger "not updating DNS record in AD, invalid name"
  +
exit 0
 
fi
 
fi
 
 
  +
## update ##
# Exit if no computer name supplied, unless the action is 'delete'
 
if [ "${name}" = "" ]; then
+
case "${action}" in
  +
add)
if [ "${action}" = "delete" ]; then
 
  +
_KERBEROS
name=$(host -t PTR "${ip}" | awk '{print $NF}' | awk -F '.' '{print $1}')
 
  +
count=0
else
 
  +
# does host have an existing 'A' record ?
usage
 
  +
A_REC=$($SAMBATOOL dns query "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "$KTYPE" 2>/dev/null | grep 'A:' | awk '{print $2}')
exit 1;
 
  +
# turn A_REC into an array
fi
 
  +
A_REC=("$A_REC")
fi
 
  +
if [ "${#A_REC[@]}" -eq 0 ]
  +
then
  +
# no A record to delete
  +
result1=0
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result2="$?"
  +
elif [ "${#A_REC[@]}" -gt 1 ]
  +
then
  +
for i in "${A_REC[@]}"
  +
do
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${i}" "$KTYPE"
  +
done
  +
# all A records deleted
  +
result1=0
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result2="$?"
  +
elif [ "${#A_REC[@]}" -eq 1 ]
  +
then
  +
# turn array into a variable
  +
VAR_A_REC="${A_REC[*]}"
  +
if [ "$VAR_A_REC" = "${ip}" ]
  +
then
  +
# Correct A record exists, do nothing
  +
logger "Correct 'A' record exists, not updating."
  +
result1=0
  +
result2=0
  +
count=$((count+1))
  +
elif [ "$VAR_A_REC" != "${ip}" ]
  +
then
  +
# Wrong A record exists
  +
logger "'A' record changed, updating record."
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${VAR_A_REC}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result1="$?"
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result2="$?"
  +
fi
  +
fi
 
 
  +
# get existing reverse zones (if any)
# Set PTR address
 
  +
ReverseZones=$($SAMBATOOL dns zonelist "${Server}" "$KTYPE" --reverse | grep 'pszZoneName' | awk '{print $NF}')
ptr=$(echo ${ip} | awk -F '.' '{print $4"."$3"."$2"."$1".in-addr.arpa"}')
 
  +
if [ -z "$ReverseZones" ]; then
  +
logger "No reverse zone found, not updating"
  +
result3='0'
  +
result4='0'
  +
count=$((count+1))
  +
else
  +
for revzone in $ReverseZones
  +
do
  +
rev_zone_info "$revzone" "${ip}"
  +
if [[ ${ip} = $ZoneIP* ]] && [ "$ZoneIP" = "$RZIP" ]
  +
then
  +
# does host have an existing 'PTR' record ?
  +
PTR_REC=$($SAMBATOOL dns query "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "$KTYPE" 2>/dev/null | grep 'PTR:' | awk '{print $2}' | awk -F '.' '{print $1}')
  +
<nowiki>if [[ -z $PTR_REC ]]</nowiki>
  +
then
  +
# no PTR record to delete
  +
result3=0
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${name}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result4="$?"
  +
break
  +
elif [ "$PTR_REC" = "${name}" ]
  +
then
  +
# Correct PTR record exists, do nothing
  +
logger "Correct 'PTR' record exists, not updating."
  +
result3=0
  +
result4=0
  +
count=$((count+1))
  +
break
  +
elif [ "$PTR_REC" != "${name}" ]
  +
then
  +
# Wrong PTR record exists
  +
# points to wrong host
  +
logger "'PTR' record changed, updating record."
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${PTR_REC}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result3="$?"
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${name}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result4="$?"
  +
break
  +
fi
  +
else
  +
continue
  +
fi
  +
done
  +
fi
  +
;;
  +
delete)
  +
_KERBEROS
 
 
  +
count=0
## nsupdate ##
 
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result1="$?"
  +
# get existing reverse zones (if any)
  +
ReverseZones=$($SAMBATOOL dns zonelist "${Server}" --reverse "$KTYPE" | grep 'pszZoneName' | awk '{print $NF}')
  +
if [ -z "$ReverseZones" ]
  +
then
  +
logger "No reverse zone found, not updating"
  +
result2='0'
  +
count=$((count+1))
  +
else
  +
for revzone in $ReverseZones
  +
do
  +
rev_zone_info "$revzone" "${ip}"
  +
if [[ ${ip} = $ZoneIP* ]] && [ "$ZoneIP" = "$RZIP" ]
  +
then
  +
host -t PTR "${ip}" > /dev/null 2>&1
  +
ret="$?"
  +
if [ $ret -eq 0 ]
  +
then
  +
$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${name}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
  +
result2="$?"
  +
else
  +
result2='0'
  +
count=$((count+1))
  +
fi
  +
break
  +
else
  +
continue
  +
fi
  +
done
  +
fi
  +
result3='0'
  +
result4='0'
  +
;;
  +
*)
  +
logger "Invalid action specified"
  +
exit 103
  +
;;
  +
esac
 
 
  +
result="${result1}:${result2}:${result3}:${result4}"
case "${action}" in
 
add)
 
_KERBEROS
 
 
 
  +
if [ "$count" -eq 0 ]
nsupdate -g ${NSUPDFLAGS} << UPDATE
 
  +
then
server 127.0.0.1
 
  +
if [ "${result}" != "0:0:0:0" ]
realm ${REALM}
 
  +
then
update delete ${name}.${domain} 3600 A
 
  +
logger "DHCP-DNS $action failed: ${result}"
update add ${name}.${domain} 3600 A ${ip}
 
  +
exit 1
send
 
  +
else
UPDATE
 
  +
logger "DHCP-DNS $action succeeded"
result1=$?
 
  +
fi
  +
fi
 
 
  +
if [ "$Add_macAddress" != 'no' ]
nsupdate -g ${NSUPDFLAGS} << UPDATE
 
  +
then
server 127.0.0.1
 
  +
if [ -n "$DHCID" ]
realm ${REALM}
 
  +
then
update delete ${ptr} 3600 PTR
 
  +
Computer_Object=$(ldbsearch "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server" "(&(objectclass=computer)(objectclass=ieee802Device)(cn=$name))" | grep -v '#' | grep -v 'ref:')
update add ${ptr} 3600 PTR ${name}.${domain}
 
  +
if [ -z "$Computer_Object" ]
send
 
  +
then
UPDATE
 
  +
# Computer object not found with the 'ieee802Device' objectclass, does the computer actually exist, it should.
result2=$?
 
  +
Computer_Object=$(ldbsearch "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server" "(&(objectclass=computer)(cn=$name))" | grep -v '#' | grep -v 'ref:')
;;
 
  +
if [ -z "$Computer_Object" ]
delete)
 
  +
then
_KERBEROS
 
  +
logger "Computer '$name' not found. Exiting."
  +
exit 68
  +
else
  +
DN=$(echo "$Computer_Object" | grep 'dn:')
  +
objldif="$DN
  +
changetype: modify
  +
add: objectclass
  +
objectclass: ieee802Device"
 
 
  +
attrldif="$DN
nsupdate -g ${NSUPDFLAGS} << UPDATE
 
  +
changetype: modify
server 127.0.0.1
 
  +
add: macAddress
realm ${REALM}
 
  +
macAddress: $DHCID"
update delete ${name}.${domain} 3600 A
 
send
 
UPDATE
 
result1=$?
 
nsupdate -g ${NSUPDFLAGS} << UPDATE
 
server 127.0.0.1
 
realm ${REALM}
 
update delete ${ptr} 3600 PTR
 
send
 
UPDATE
 
result2=$?
 
;;
 
*)
 
echo "Invalid action specified"
 
exit 103
 
;;
 
esac
 
 
 
  +
# add the ldif
result="${result1}${result2}"
 
  +
echo "$objldif" | ldbmodify "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server"
  +
ret="$?"
  +
if [ $ret -ne 0 ]
  +
then
  +
logger "Error modifying Computer objectclass $name in AD."
  +
exit "${ret}"
  +
fi
  +
sleep 2
  +
echo "$attrldif" | ldbmodify "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server"
  +
ret="$?"
  +
if [ "$ret" -ne 0 ]; then
  +
logger "Error modifying Computer attribute $name in AD."
  +
exit "${ret}"
  +
fi
  +
unset objldif
  +
unset attrldif
  +
logger "Successfully modified Computer $name in AD"
  +
fi
  +
else
  +
DN=$(echo "$Computer_Object" | grep 'dn:')
  +
attrldif="$DN
  +
changetype: modify
  +
replace: macAddress
  +
macAddress: $DHCID"
 
 
  +
echo "$attrldif" | ldbmodify "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server"
if [ "${result}" != "00" ]; then
 
  +
ret="$?"
logger "DHCP-DNS Update failed: ${result}"
 
  +
if [ "$ret" -ne 0 ]
else
 
  +
then
logger "DHCP-DNS Update succeeded"
 
  +
logger "Error modifying Computer attribute $name in AD."
  +
exit "${ret}"
  +
fi
  +
unset attrldif
  +
logger "Successfully modified Computer $name in AD"
  +
fi
  +
fi
 
fi
 
fi
 
 
exit ${result}
+
exit 0
   
  +
  +
  +
If you wish to store the computers MAC address in AD, find this line:
  +
  +
Add_macAddress='no'
  +
  +
It is near the top of the script. Change 'no' to 'yes'. Note you will need to grant DomainAdmin privileges to the DNS update user.
   
   
 
Set the permissions on the script.
 
Set the permissions on the script.
   
# chmod 755 /etc/dhcp/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh
+
# chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh
  +
  +
   
   
Line 268: Line 548:
 
option domain-name "samdom.example.com";
 
option domain-name "samdom.example.com";
 
option domain-name-servers 192.168.0.6, 192.168.0.5;
 
option domain-name-servers 192.168.0.6, 192.168.0.5;
option netbios-name-servers 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6;
 
 
option ntp-servers 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6;
 
option ntp-servers 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6;
 
pool {
 
pool {
Line 279: Line 558:
 
set noname = concat("dhcp-", binary-to-ascii(10, 8, "-", leased-address));
 
set noname = concat("dhcp-", binary-to-ascii(10, 8, "-", leased-address));
 
set ClientIP = binary-to-ascii(10, 8, ".", leased-address);
 
set ClientIP = binary-to-ascii(10, 8, ".", leased-address);
set ClientDHCID = binary-to-ascii(16, 8, ":", hardware);
+
set ClientDHCID = concat (
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,1,1))),2), ":",
set ClientName = pick-first-value(option host-name, config-option-host-name, client-name, noname);
 
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,2,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,3,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,4,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,5,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,6,1))),2)
  +
);
  +
set ClientName = pick-first-value(option host-name, config-option host-name, client-name, noname);
 
log(concat("Commit: IP: ", ClientIP, " DHCID: ", ClientDHCID, " Name: ", ClientName));
 
log(concat("Commit: IP: ", ClientIP, " DHCID: ", ClientDHCID, " Name: ", ClientName));
execute("/etc/dhcp/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "add", ClientIP, ClientDHCID, ClientName);
+
execute("/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "add", ClientIP, ClientDHCID, ClientName);
 
}
 
}
 
 
 
on release {
 
on release {
 
set ClientIP = binary-to-ascii(10, 8, ".", leased-address);
 
set ClientIP = binary-to-ascii(10, 8, ".", leased-address);
set ClientDHCID = binary-to-ascii(16, 8, ":", hardware);
+
set ClientDHCID = concat (
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,1,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,2,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,3,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,4,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,5,1))),2), ":",
  +
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,6,1))),2)
  +
);
 
log(concat("Release: IP: ", ClientIP));
 
log(concat("Release: IP: ", ClientIP));
execute("/etc/dhcp/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "delete", ClientIP, ClientDHCID);
+
execute("/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "delete", ClientIP, ClientDHCID);
 
}
 
}
 
 
Line 297: Line 590:
 
log(concat("Expired: IP: ", ClientIP));
 
log(concat("Expired: IP: ", ClientIP));
 
# cannot get a ClientName here, for some reason that always fails
 
# cannot get a ClientName here, for some reason that always fails
  +
# however the dhcp update script will obtain the short hostname.
execute("/etc/dhcp/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "delete", ClientIP, "", "0");
 
  +
execute("/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "delete", ClientIP, "", "0");
 
}
 
}
   
   
   
Start the dhcp server and see what happens, don't forget to stop your windows clients trying to update their own records, as this will fail.
+
Start the dhcp server and see what happens.
  +
  +
  +
: {{Imbox
  +
| type = important
  +
| text = You must stop your windows clients from trying to update their own records, as this will fail and fill your logs with errors.
  +
}}
   
   
Line 317: Line 617:
 
max-unacked-updates 10;
 
max-unacked-updates 10;
 
mclt 3600;
 
mclt 3600;
split 128;
+
split 255;
 
load balance max seconds 3;
 
load balance max seconds 3;
 
}
 
}
Line 355: Line 655:
 
}
 
}
   
Configure OMAPI and define a secret key.
+
== Configure OMAPI and Define a Secret Key ==
  +
  +
=== BIND 9.12 and earlier ===
   
 
Generate a random OMAPI key on the primary, using the dnssec-keygen utility distributed with BIND.
 
Generate a random OMAPI key on the primary, using the dnssec-keygen utility distributed with BIND.
Line 375: Line 677:
 
}
 
}
   
Replace PUT_YOUR_KEY_HERE with the key you extracted from the private key created by the dnssec command
+
Replace PUT_YOUR_KEY_HERE with the key you extracted from the private key created by the dnssec command.
  +
  +
Continue with [[#All BIND versions]]
  +
  +
=== BIND 9.13 and later ===
  +
  +
Generate a random OMAPI key on either primary or secondary, using the tsig-keygen utility distributed with BIND.
  +
  +
tsig-keygen -a hmac-md5 omapi_key
  +
  +
The command will output text to your screen, similar to this:
  +
  +
key "omapi_key" {
  +
algorithm hmac-md5;
  +
secret "some_secret_text";
  +
};
  +
  +
Add the following lines to dhcpd.conf on both primary and secondary, followed by the text from the previous command:
  +
  +
omapi-port 7911;
  +
omapi-key omapi_key;
  +
  +
key "omapi_key" {
  +
algorithm hmac-md5;
  +
secret "some_secret_text";
  +
};
  +
  +
Continue with [[#All BIND versions]]
  +
  +
=== All BIND versions ===
   
 
Restart both servers to apply the configuration changes.
 
Restart both servers to apply the configuration changes.
Line 390: Line 721:
 
Once you are sure everything is working as expected, restart both servers to ensure everything is running correctly.
 
Once you are sure everything is working as expected, restart both servers to ensure everything is running correctly.
   
The 'split' value '128' on the 'primary', divides responsibility for the clients between the two failover partners.
+
The 'split' value '255' on the 'primary', makes it responsible for the clients.
If you want the primary to answer all dhcp requests unless it is down (for whatever reason) set the value to '255', use '0' to make the secondary responsible.
+
With the value set to '255', the primary will answer all dhcp requests unless it is down (for whatever reason), use '0' to make the secondary responsible.
   
 
For more information, read the dhcpd.conf manpage <code>man dhcpd.conf</code>.
 
For more information, read the dhcpd.conf manpage <code>man dhcpd.conf</code>.
   
Any questions or problems, ask on the Samba mailing list.
 
   
   
  +
  +
  +
= Apparmor =
  +
  +
To get DHCP updates working with Apparmor, you need to alter /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.dhcpd to match this.
  +
  +
/etc/dhcp/ r,
  +
/etc/dhcp/** r,
  +
/etc/dhcpd{,6}.conf r,
  +
/etc/dhcpd{,6}_ldap.conf r,
  +
/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh ix,
  +
/bin/grep rix,
  +
/usr/sbin/samba rix,
  +
/usr/bin/gawk rix,
  +
/bin/hostname rix,
  +
/usr/bin/wbinfo rix,
  +
/usr/bin/heimtools rix,
  +
/usr/bin/logger rix,
  +
/usr/bin/kinit.heimdal rix,
  +
/bin/date rix,
  +
/dev/tty wr,
  +
/dev/urandom w,
  +
/proc/** r,
  +
/usr/bin/kinit w,
  +
/run/samba/winbindd/pipe wr,
  +
  +
  +
  +
The first 4 lines are the default, you will need to add everything else.
  +
With these settings the dhcp-server will start and work.
  +
  +
The above settings have been tested on Ubuntu 18.04 and were supplied by Stefan Kania.
  +
  +
  +
Any questions or problems, ask on the Samba mailing list.
  +
{{Imbox
  +
| type = note
  +
| text = Do not log a bug report on Samba bugzilla for any problems you have with this set up, ask on the samba mailing list.
  +
}}
   
   

Latest revision as of 09:50, 13 October 2022

Introduction

This HowTo describes how to configure isc DHCP to update Samba dns records in AD.

It has now been tested with the Samba AD internal DNS server and BIND9_DLZ.

This HowTo is based on a Debian OS install, the paths given may be different if you use another OS.

The script has now been modified to use samba-tool instead of nsupdate, it also can optionally add the macAddress attribute to a computers AD object, this attribute will contain the computers MAC address.


Preconditions

  • The computer has been provisioned as an AD DC and the samba, smbd and winbindd daemons are running.
  • You have created any required reverse zones.
  • You are logged into the DC as 'root'
  • If using Bind9, Bind9_dlz must be installed and working on the Samba AD DC that you are doing this on. Tested with various 9.x versions.


Names and Addresses used in this howto

  • Realm : SAMDOM.EXAMPLE.COM
  • Subnet : 192.168.0.0
  • Netmask : 255.255.255.0
  • Subnet-mask : 255.255.255.0
  • Broadcast-address : 192.168.0.255
  • Gateway : 192.168.0.1
  • Domain-name : samdom.example.com
  • Domain-name-servers : 192.168.0.6, 192.168.0.5
  • Netbios-name-servers : 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6
  • Ntp-servers : 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6;
  • Pool range : 192.168.0.50 192.168.0.229


Install isc DHCP

First install the DHCP server

# apt-get install isc-dhcp-server

Or on FreeBSD:

# pkg install isc-dhcp44-server

Create a user to carry out the updates

You need a user that the script will run as, set a random password because you will never logon as the user.

# samba-tool user create dhcpduser --description="Unprivileged user for TSIG-GSSAPI DNS updates via ISC DHCP server" --random-password

Now set the users password to never expire and add the user to the DnsAdmins group.

# samba-tool user setexpiry dhcpduser --noexpiry
# samba-tool group addmembers DnsAdmins dhcpduser

Now export the required keytab. On FreeBSD change /etc/dhcpduser.keytab to /usr/local/etc/dhcpduser.keytab

# samba-tool domain exportkeytab --principal=dhcpduser@SAMDOM.EXAMPLE.COM /etc/dhcpduser.keytab
# chown root:root  /etc/dhcpduser.keytab
# chmod 400  /etc/dhcpduser.keytab


Create the script for the updates

Copy this script to /usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh

#!/bin/bash
# On FreeBSD change the above line to #!/usr/local/bin/bash
#
# /usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh
#
# This script is for secure DDNS updates on Samba,
# it can also add the 'macAddress' to the Computers object.
#
# Version: 0.9.5
#
# Copyright (C) Rowland Penny 2020-2022
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

# You may need to ensure that you have a useful path
# If you have 'path' problems, Uncomment the next line and adjust for
# your setup e.g. self-compiled Samba
#export PATH=/usr/local/samba/bin:/usr/local/samba/sbin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin

##########################################################################
#                                                                        #
#    You can optionally add the 'macAddress' to the Computers object.    #
#    Add 'dhcpduser' to the 'Domain Admins' group if used                #
#    Change the next line to 'yes' to make this happen                   #
Add_macAddress='no'
#                                                                        #
##########################################################################

# On FreeBSD change this to /usr/local/etc/dhcpduser.keytab
keytab=/etc/dhcpduser.keytab

usage()
{
	cat <<-EOF
	USAGE:
	  $(basename "$0") add ip-address dhcid|mac-address hostname
	  $(basename "$0") delete ip-address dhcid|mac-address
	EOF
}

_KERBEROS()
{
	# get current time as a number
	test=$(date +%d'-'%m'-'%y' '%H':'%M':'%S)
	# Note: there have been problems with this
	# check that 'date' returns something like

	# Check for valid kerberos ticket
	#logger "${test} [dyndns] : Running check for valid kerberos ticket"
	klist -c "${KRB5CCNAME}" -s
	ret="$?"
	if [ $ret -ne 0 ]
	then
		logger "${test} [dyndns] : Getting new ticket, old one has expired"
		# On FreeBSD change the -F to --no-forwardable
		kinit -F -k -t $keytab "${SETPRINCIPAL}"
		ret="$?"
		if [ $ret -ne 0 ]
		then
			logger "${test} [dyndns] : dhcpd kinit for dynamic DNS failed"
			exit 1
		fi
	fi
}

rev_zone_info()
{
	local RevZone="$1"
	local IP="$2"
	local rzoneip
	rzoneip="${RevZone%.in-addr.arpa}"
	local rzonenum
	rzonenum=$(echo "$rzoneip" |  tr '.' '\n')
	declare -a words
	for n in $rzonenum
	do
		words+=("$n")
	done
	local numwords="${#words[@]}"

	unset ZoneIP
	unset RZIP
	unset IP2add

	case "$numwords" in
		1)
			# single ip rev zone '192'
			ZoneIP=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $1}')
			RZIP="${rzoneip}"
			IP2add=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $4"."$3"."$2}')
			;;
		2)
			# double ip rev zone '168.192'
			ZoneIP=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $1"."$2}')
			RZIP=$(echo "${rzoneip}" | awk -F '.' '{print $2"."$1}')
			IP2add=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $4"."$3}')
			;;
		3)
			# triple ip rev zone '0.168.192'
			ZoneIP=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $1"."$2"."$3}')
			RZIP=$(echo "${rzoneip}" | awk -F '.' '{print $3"."$2"."$1}')
			IP2add=$(echo "${IP}" | awk -F '.' '{print $4}')
			;;
		*)
			# should never happen
			exit 1
			;;
	esac
}

BINDIR=$(samba -b | grep 'BINDIR' | grep -v 'SBINDIR' | awk '{print $NF}')
[[ -z $BINDIR ]] && printf "Cannot find the 'samba' binary, is it installed ?\\nOr is your path set correctly ?\\n"
WBINFO="$BINDIR/wbinfo"

SAMBATOOL=$(command -v samba-tool)
[[ -z $SAMBATOOL ]] && printf "Cannot find the 'samba-tool' binary, is it installed ?\\nOr is your path set correctly ?\\n"

MINVER=$($SAMBATOOL -V | grep -o '[0-9]*' | tr '\n' ' ' | awk '{print $2}')
if [ "$MINVER" -gt '14' ]
then
	KTYPE="--use-kerberos=required"
else
	KTYPE="-k yes"
fi

# DHCP Server hostname
Server=$(hostname -s)

# DNS domain
domain=$(hostname -d)
if [ -z "${domain}" ]
then
	logger "Cannot obtain domain name, is DNS set up correctly?"
	logger "Cannot continue... Exiting."
	exit 1
fi

# Samba realm
REALM="${domain^^}"

# krbcc ticket cache
export KRB5CCNAME="/tmp/dhcp-dyndns.cc"

# Kerberos principal
SETPRINCIPAL="dhcpduser@${REALM}"
# Kerberos keytab as above
# krbcc ticket cache : /tmp/dhcp-dyndns.cc
TESTUSER="$($WBINFO -u | grep 'dhcpduser')"
if [ -z "${TESTUSER}" ]
then
	logger "No AD dhcp user exists, need to create it first.. exiting."
	logger "you can do this by typing the following commands"
	logger "kinit Administrator@${REALM}"
	logger "$SAMBATOOL user create dhcpduser --random-password --description='Unprivileged user for DNS updates via ISC DHCP server'"
	logger "$SAMBATOOL user setexpiry dhcpduser --noexpiry"
	logger "$SAMBATOOL group addmembers DnsAdmins dhcpduser"
	exit 1
fi

# Check for Kerberos keytab
if [ ! -f /etc/dhcpduser.keytab ]
then
	logger "Required keytab $keytab not found, it needs to be created."
	logger "Use the following commands as root"
	logger "$SAMBATOOL domain exportkeytab --principal=${SETPRINCIPAL} $keytab"
	logger "chown XXXX:XXXX $keytab"
	logger "Replace 'XXXX:XXXX' with the user & group that dhcpd runs as on your distro"
	logger "chmod 400 $keytab"
	exit 1
fi

# Variables supplied by dhcpd.conf
action="$1"
ip="$2"
DHCID="$3"
name="${4%%.*}"

# Exit if no ip address
if [ -z "${ip}" ]
then
	usage
	exit 1
fi

# Exit if no computer name supplied, unless the action is 'delete'
if [ -z "${name}" ]
then
	if [ "${action}" = "delete" ]
	then
		name=$(host -t PTR "${ip}" | awk '{print $NF}' | awk -F '.' '{print $1}')
	else
		usage
		exit 1
	fi
fi

# exit if name contains a space
case ${name} in
	*\ * )
		logger "Invalid hostname '${name}' ...Exiting"
		exit
		;;
esac

# if you want computers with a hostname that starts with 'dhcp' in AD
# comment the following block of code.
if [[ $name == dhcp* ]]
then
	logger "not updating DNS record in AD, invalid name"
	exit 0
fi

## update ##
case "${action}" in
	add)
		_KERBEROS
		count=0
		# does host have an existing 'A' record ?
		A_REC=$($SAMBATOOL dns query "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "$KTYPE" 2>/dev/null | grep 'A:' | awk '{print $2}')
		# turn A_REC into an array
		A_REC=("$A_REC")
		if [ "${#A_REC[@]}" -eq 0 ]
		then
			# no A record to delete
			result1=0
			$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
			result2="$?"
		elif [ "${#A_REC[@]}" -gt 1 ]
		then
			for i in "${A_REC[@]}"
			do
				$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${i}" "$KTYPE"
			done
			# all A records deleted
			result1=0
			$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
			result2="$?"
		elif [ "${#A_REC[@]}" -eq 1 ]
		then
			# turn array into a variable
			VAR_A_REC="${A_REC[*]}"
			if [ "$VAR_A_REC" = "${ip}" ]
			then
				# Correct A record exists, do nothing
				logger "Correct 'A' record exists, not updating."
				result1=0
				result2=0
				count=$((count+1))
			elif [ "$VAR_A_REC" != "${ip}" ]
			then
				# Wrong A record exists
				logger "'A' record changed, updating record."
				$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${VAR_A_REC}" "$KTYPE"
				result1="$?"
				$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
				result2="$?"
			fi
		fi

		# get existing reverse zones (if any)
		ReverseZones=$($SAMBATOOL dns zonelist "${Server}" "$KTYPE" --reverse | grep 'pszZoneName' | awk '{print $NF}')
		if [ -z "$ReverseZones" ]; then
			logger "No reverse zone found, not updating"
			result3='0'
			result4='0'
			count=$((count+1))
		else
			for revzone in $ReverseZones
			do
				rev_zone_info "$revzone" "${ip}"
				if [[ ${ip} = $ZoneIP* ]] && [ "$ZoneIP" = "$RZIP" ]
				then
					# does host have an existing 'PTR' record ?
					PTR_REC=$($SAMBATOOL dns query "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "$KTYPE" 2>/dev/null | grep 'PTR:' | awk '{print $2}' | awk -F '.' '{print $1}')
					if [[ -z $PTR_REC ]]
					then
						# no PTR record to delete
						result3=0
						$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${name}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
						result4="$?"
						break
					elif [ "$PTR_REC" = "${name}" ]
					then
						# Correct PTR record exists, do nothing
						logger "Correct 'PTR' record exists, not updating."
						result3=0
						result4=0
						count=$((count+1))
						break
					elif [ "$PTR_REC" != "${name}" ]
					then
						# Wrong PTR record exists
						# points to wrong host
						logger "'PTR' record changed, updating record."
						$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${PTR_REC}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
						result3="$?"
						$SAMBATOOL dns add "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${name}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
						result4="$?"
						break
					fi
				else
					continue
				fi
			done
	        fi
		;;
	delete)
		_KERBEROS

		count=0
		$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${domain}" "${name}" A "${ip}" "$KTYPE"
		result1="$?"
		# get existing reverse zones (if any)
		ReverseZones=$($SAMBATOOL dns zonelist "${Server}" --reverse "$KTYPE" | grep 'pszZoneName' | awk '{print $NF}')
		if [ -z "$ReverseZones" ]
		then
			logger "No reverse zone found, not updating"
			result2='0'
			count=$((count+1))
		else
			for revzone in $ReverseZones
			do
				rev_zone_info "$revzone" "${ip}"
				if [[ ${ip} = $ZoneIP* ]] && [ "$ZoneIP" = "$RZIP" ]
				then
					host -t PTR "${ip}" > /dev/null 2>&1
					ret="$?"
					if [ $ret -eq 0 ]
					then
						$SAMBATOOL dns delete "${Server}" "${revzone}" "${IP2add}" PTR "${name}"."${domain}" "$KTYPE"
						result2="$?"
					else
						result2='0'
						count=$((count+1))
					fi
					break
				else
					continue
				fi
			done
		fi
		result3='0'
		result4='0'
		;;
	*)
		logger "Invalid action specified"
		exit 103
	;;
esac

result="${result1}:${result2}:${result3}:${result4}"

if [ "$count" -eq 0 ]
then
	if [ "${result}" != "0:0:0:0" ]
	then
		logger "DHCP-DNS $action failed: ${result}"
		exit 1
	else
		logger "DHCP-DNS $action succeeded"
	fi
fi

if [ "$Add_macAddress" != 'no' ]
then
	if [ -n "$DHCID" ]
	then
		Computer_Object=$(ldbsearch "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server" "(&(objectclass=computer)(objectclass=ieee802Device)(cn=$name))" | grep -v '#' | grep -v 'ref:')
		if [ -z "$Computer_Object" ]
		then
			# Computer object not found with the 'ieee802Device' objectclass, does the computer actually exist, it should.
			Computer_Object=$(ldbsearch "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server" "(&(objectclass=computer)(cn=$name))" | grep -v '#' | grep -v 'ref:')
			if [ -z "$Computer_Object" ]
			then
				logger "Computer '$name' not found. Exiting."
				exit 68
			else
				DN=$(echo "$Computer_Object" | grep 'dn:')
				objldif="$DN
changetype: modify
add: objectclass
objectclass: ieee802Device"

				attrldif="$DN
changetype: modify
add: macAddress
macAddress: $DHCID"

				# add the ldif
				echo "$objldif" | ldbmodify "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server"
				ret="$?"
				if [ $ret -ne 0 ]
				then
					logger "Error modifying Computer objectclass $name in AD."
					exit "${ret}"
				fi
				sleep 2
				echo "$attrldif" | ldbmodify "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server"
				ret="$?"
				if [ "$ret" -ne 0 ]; then
					logger "Error modifying Computer attribute $name in AD."
					exit "${ret}"
				fi
				unset objldif
				unset attrldif
				logger "Successfully modified Computer $name in AD"
			fi
	else
		DN=$(echo "$Computer_Object" | grep 'dn:')
		attrldif="$DN
changetype: modify
replace: macAddress
macAddress: $DHCID"

		echo "$attrldif" | ldbmodify "$KTYPE" -H ldap://"$Server"
		ret="$?"
		if [ "$ret" -ne 0 ]
		then
			logger "Error modifying Computer attribute $name in AD."
			exit "${ret}"
		fi
			unset attrldif
			logger "Successfully modified Computer $name in AD"
		fi
	fi
fi

exit 0


If you wish to store the computers MAC address in AD, find this line:

Add_macAddress='no'

It is near the top of the script. Change 'no' to 'yes'. Note you will need to grant DomainAdmin privileges to the DNS update user.


Set the permissions on the script.

# chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh



Modify the dhcp conf file

First backup the original conf file.

# cp /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf.orig

Now edit /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf and make it look similar to the this.

authoritative;
ddns-update-style none;

subnet 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
  option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
  option broadcast-address 192.168.0.255;
  option time-offset 0;
  option routers 192.168.0.1;
  option domain-name "samdom.example.com";
  option domain-name-servers 192.168.0.6, 192.168.0.5;
  option ntp-servers 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6;
  pool {
    max-lease-time 1800; # 30 minutes
    range 192.168.0.50 192.168.0.229;
  }
}

on commit {
set noname = concat("dhcp-", binary-to-ascii(10, 8, "-", leased-address));
set ClientIP = binary-to-ascii(10, 8, ".", leased-address);
set ClientDHCID = concat (
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,1,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,2,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,3,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,4,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,5,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,6,1))),2)
);
set ClientName = pick-first-value(option host-name, config-option host-name, client-name, noname);
log(concat("Commit: IP: ", ClientIP, " DHCID: ", ClientDHCID, " Name: ", ClientName));
execute("/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "add", ClientIP, ClientDHCID, ClientName);
}

on release {
set ClientIP = binary-to-ascii(10, 8, ".", leased-address);
set ClientDHCID = concat (
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,1,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,2,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,3,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,4,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,5,1))),2), ":",
suffix (concat ("0", binary-to-ascii (16, 8, "", substring(hardware,6,1))),2)
);
log(concat("Release: IP: ", ClientIP));
execute("/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "delete", ClientIP, ClientDHCID);
}

on expiry {
set ClientIP = binary-to-ascii(10, 8, ".", leased-address);
# cannot get a ClientMac here, apparently this only works when actually receiving a packet
log(concat("Expired: IP: ", ClientIP));
# cannot get a ClientName here, for some reason that always fails
# however the dhcp update script will obtain the short hostname.
execute("/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh", "delete", ClientIP, "", "0");
}


Start the dhcp server and see what happens.



Add failover

Add the following to the /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf file on the primary:

failover peer "dhcp-failover" {
  primary;
  address dc1.samdom.example.com;
  peer address dc2.samdom.example.com;
  max-response-delay 60;
  max-unacked-updates 10;
  mclt 3600;
  split 255;
  load balance max seconds 3;
}

..and secondary:

failover peer "dhcp-failover" {
  secondary;
  address dc2.samdom.example.com;
  peer address dc1.samdom.example.com;
  max-response-delay 60;
  max-unacked-updates 10;
  load balance max seconds 3;
}


Add references for the subnet/pool which will do failover.

subnet 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
  option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
  option broadcast-address 192.168.0.255;
  option time-offset 0;
  option routers 192.168.0.1;
  option domain-name "samdom.example.com";
  option domain-name-servers 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6;
  option ntp-servers 192.168.0.5, 192.168.0.6;
  pool {
    failover peer "dhcp-failover";
    max-lease-time 1800; # 30 minutes
    range 192.168.0.50 192.168.0.229;
  }
}

Configure OMAPI and Define a Secret Key

BIND 9.12 and earlier

Generate a random OMAPI key on the primary, using the dnssec-keygen utility distributed with BIND.

dnssec‐keygen ‐a HMAC‐MD5 ‐b 512 ‐n USER DHCP_OMAPI

Now extract the actual key:

cat Kdhcp_omapi.+*.private |grep ^Key|cut -d ' ' -f2-

Add the following to dhcpd.conf on both primary and secondary.

omapi-port 7911;
omapi-key omapi_key;

key omapi_key {
     algorithm hmac-md5;
     secret "PUT_YOUR_KEY_HERE";
}

Replace PUT_YOUR_KEY_HERE with the key you extracted from the private key created by the dnssec command.

Continue with #All BIND versions

BIND 9.13 and later

Generate a random OMAPI key on either primary or secondary, using the tsig-keygen utility distributed with BIND.

tsig-keygen -a hmac-md5 omapi_key

The command will output text to your screen, similar to this:

key "omapi_key" {
    algorithm hmac-md5;
    secret "some_secret_text";
};

Add the following lines to dhcpd.conf on both primary and secondary, followed by the text from the previous command:

omapi-port 7911;
omapi-key omapi_key;
key "omapi_key" {
    algorithm hmac-md5;
    secret "some_secret_text";
};

Continue with #All BIND versions

All BIND versions

Restart both servers to apply the configuration changes.

You should find lines similar to these, in the system logs on both machines:

Feb 28 17:34:39 dc1 dhcpd: failover peer dhcp-failover: peer moves from recover-done to normal
Feb 28 17:34:39 dc1 dhcpd: failover peer dhcp-failover: Both servers normal

If OMAPI is working properly you can test failover by stopping the primary server.

If you are using a firewall, you will need to open TCP ports 647 and 7911

Once you are sure everything is working as expected, restart both servers to ensure everything is running correctly.

The 'split' value '255' on the 'primary', makes it responsible for the clients. With the value set to '255', the primary will answer all dhcp requests unless it is down (for whatever reason), use '0' to make the secondary responsible.

For more information, read the dhcpd.conf manpage man dhcpd.conf.



Apparmor

To get DHCP updates working with Apparmor, you need to alter /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.dhcpd to match this.

/etc/dhcp/ r,
/etc/dhcp/** r,
/etc/dhcpd{,6}.conf r,
/etc/dhcpd{,6}_ldap.conf r,
/usr/local/bin/dhcp-dyndns.sh ix,
/bin/grep rix,
/usr/sbin/samba rix,
/usr/bin/gawk rix,
/bin/hostname rix,
/usr/bin/wbinfo rix,
/usr/bin/heimtools rix,
/usr/bin/logger rix,
/usr/bin/kinit.heimdal rix,
/bin/date rix,
/dev/tty wr,
/dev/urandom w,
/proc/** r,
/usr/bin/kinit w,
/run/samba/winbindd/pipe wr,


The first 4 lines are the default, you will need to add everything else. With these settings the dhcp-server will start and work.

The above settings have been tested on Ubuntu 18.04 and were supplied by Stefan Kania.


Any questions or problems, ask on the Samba mailing list.