PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
AU - Roxin, Alex
TI - Drift-diffusion models for multiple-alternative forced-choice decision making
AID - 10.1101/542431
DP - 2019 Jan 01
TA - bioRxiv
PG - 542431
4099 - http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2019/02/06/542431.short
4100 - http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2019/02/06/542431.full
AB - The canonical computational model for the cognitive process underlying two-alternative forced-choice decision making is the so-called drift-diffusion model (DDM). In this model, a decision variable keeps track of the integrated difference in sensory evidence for two competing alternatives. Here I extend the notion of a drift-diffusion process to multiple alternatives. The competition between n alternatives takes place in a linear subspace of n-1 dimensions; that is, there are n-1 decision variables, which are coupled through correlated noise sources. I derive the multiple-alternative DDM starting from a system of coupled, linear firing rate equations. If the original neuronal system is nonlinear, one can once again derive a model describing a lower dimensional diffusion process. The dynamics of the nonlinear DDM can be recast as the motion of a particle on a potential, the general form of which is given analytically for an arbitrary number of alternatives.