Current Samba implementations can't be used directly on clustered systems cause they are oriented to single-server systems. The main reason is that smbd processes use TDB (local-oriented database) for messaging, storing shared data, etc - there is no way to coordinate smbd processes run on different cluster nodes.
A simple Clustered Samba system looks like this:
(you can get all images's SVG sources here - )
Each node has its own smbd daemon - they should communicate with each other to avoid shared data corruption, treat oplocks and so on. So the most problem is the extending of the locking subsystem (share mode locks, opportunistic locks, byte-range locks) to multi-node system and cluster point of view.
Clustered Samba Prototypes
Two prototypes of a clustered Samba implementation have been developed in branches on svn.samba.org:
* http://viewcvs.samba.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/branches/tmp/jpeach-cluster/ * http://viewcvs.samba.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/branches/tmp/vl-cluster/
The Cluster Synchronization Problem
The fundamental problem in implementing a clustered Samba is distributing the Samba state across the cluster.
Only a portion of the state Samba associates with each file is pushed down into the filesystem. We can assume that the state that is pushed into the filesystem is distributed by the cluster itself. This leaves us with the problem of distributing information that is stored outside the filesystem.
From the point of view of providing strong data integrity, the primary information we need to be concerned about is the locking state. There is an implicit requirement to ensure that any information we manually distribute across the cluster is node-independent.
Distributing Locking State
Here we'll gather information on how locking mechanisms are done in Samba3.
Locking is used in different file operations (opening, closing, deleting), but the main place is huge open_file_ntcreate function (in fact, open_file_ntcreate gives high-level interface to share access testing).
Share mode information consist of two different parts: share mode info and deferred opens info. The former is a collection of file sharing parameters (file name, list of processes opened the file, oplock info, etc). The latter is the part of the deferring open calls mechanism.
Original smbd's locking operations include:
- local file operations (file renaming and deleting, posix locking, etc);
- modifications of locking storage (locking.tdb);
- sending messages to other lock holders
All this actions are made under a tdb chain lock to avoid file system or locking.tdb conflict.
Cluster-Independent State Information
Proposed Cluster Architecture
This approach implies too many messaging opearations between smbd processes while locking/unlocking a file. They can be reduced noticeably if all locking information is stored on the one node - with the [[locking daemon]]: