Current Samba implementations can't be used directly on clustered systems cause it is oriented to single-server systems. The main reason is that smbd processes use TDB (local-oriented database) for messaging, storing shared data, etc - there is no way to coordinate smbd processes run on different cluster nodes.
Simple clustered samba system looks like this:
Each node has its own smbd daemon - they should communicate with each other to avoid shared data corruption, treat oplocks and so on. So the most problem is the extending of the locking subsystem (share mode locks, opportunistic locks, byte-range locks) to multi-node system and cluster point of view.
The Locking Problem
Here we'll gather information on how locking mechanisms are done in Samba3.
This approach implies too many messaging opearations between smbd processes while locking/unlocking a file. They can be reduced noticeably if all locking information is stored on the one node - with the locking daemon: