Camthompson/Migration Notes From win2k Server to Samba4

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Revision as of 17:49, 19 April 2010 by Camthompson (talk | contribs)


This is the wiki page for a 140-computer production environment being migrated from two windows Domain Controllers to two Samba4 Domain Controllers. It is by no means a howto. Everyone has their way of doing things, and this is the story of how we are going to do it.

Outstanding questions

  1. What needs to be done to be able to vampire a win2k ad?
[root@dev-teadc1 bin]# ./net vampire -Uadministrator  -WWINTEAL --target-dir=/usr/local/samba
Password for [WINTEAL\administrator]:
Become DC [(null)] of Domain[WINTEAL]/[]
Promotion Partner is Server[] from Site[Default-First-Site-Name]
Options:crossRef behavior_version[0]
        schema object_version[13]
        domain behavior_version[0]
        domain w2k3_update_revision[0]
Failed to bind to uuid e3514235-4b06-11d1-ab04-00c04fc2dcd2 - NT_STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER
libnet_BecomeDC() failed - NT_STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/local/samba/lib/python2.6/site-packages/samba/netcmd/", line 99, in _run
    return*args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/local/samba/lib/python2.6/site-packages/samba/netcmd/", line 51, in run
    (domain_name, domain_sid) = net.vampire(domain=domain, target_dir=target_dir)
  • The above is still an issue, here are additional snippets showing the syntax parsing problems ./net vampire is experiencing right now
  • I fixed the above issue by specifying
[root@dev-teadc1 bin]# ./net vampire -Uadministrator  -WWINTEAL winteal
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/local/samba/lib/python2.6/site-packages/samba/netcmd/", line 99, in _run
    return*args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/local/samba/lib/python2.6/site-packages/samba/netcmd/", line 51, in run
    (domain_name, domain_sid) = net.vampire(domain=domain, target_dir=target_dir)
TypeError: argument 2 must be string, not None
  • Above is complaining that there is no "--target-dir" parameter defined
[root@dev-teadc1 bin]# ./net -Uadministrator  -WWINTEAL --target-dir=/tmp vampire winteal
Invalid option --target-dir=/tmp: unknown option                                         
net <command> [options]                                                                  
Type 'net help' for all available commands                                               
  • And now it's complaining that --target-dir isn't a valid option
[root@dev-teadc1 bin]# ./net -Uadministrator  -WWINTEAL vampire winteal
No command: vampire                                                    
net <command> [options]                                                
Type 'net help' for all available commands                    
  • I traced the function that returns the NT_Status to composite_wait(ptr) (source4/libcli/composite/composite.c) but don't know where to go from here.
  • Now that I've gotten past initial syntactical problems with the net command, I am running into real errors:
Aquiring initiator credentials failed: Cannot allocate memory
Failed to start GENSEC client mech gssapi_krb5: NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL
Failed to start GENSEC client mechanism gssapi_krb5: NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL

./net vampire debug output

Samba4 Detailed Migration Plan

Plan for moving from testing environment to production environment

Config and Naming

For simplicity sake, the main win2k AD DC with all 5 FSMO roles is referred to as PDC.

2nd win2k AD DC is BDC

Neither PDC or BDC run DNS or DHCP services, this is done on other linux nodes with dhcpd and bind.

Both PDC and BDC run WINS.

S4 intended replacement PDC is S4DC1

S4 intended replacement BDC is S4DC2

Config - DNS

Primarily a BIND environment on other Linux nodes. PDC is tertiary DNS and a slave, updating Primary DNS.

Additional Preparation before S4 Enters Production

TODO - remove DNS service from PDC completely and test 
TODO - move user homes from PDC to primary file and print
TODO - virtualize PDC (BDC already virtualized)

Provisioning to Production

Clean Provision

TODO:  provision command line 
TODO:  net rpc samsync command line
TODO:  How to provision samba to avoid logins until in sync?
  • firewall? our vlans could help here -- block all but ssh on all but vlan2 (server core)

Daily Tasks

  1. PDC and BDC log review at the beginning and end of the day.

Weekly Tasks

  1. update "The Architect" (Andrew Bartlett)
  2. consider git diff as seen in dev-lan, rebuild and upgrade or re-provision

Potential Scenarios

PDC Corruption - Minor

  • domain remains active for logins
  • perhaps replication stops

PDC Corruption - Disaster

  • domain does not allow logins
  • TODO: need to know very quickly which DC is directly being used for a given login test
  • TODO: shorewall panic script to run on S4 nodes to block all comm except for ssh

Monitoring Plan:

  • hourly test login script, failure SMS'ed

Recovery Plan:

  • quick assessment, revert to snapshots
    • Note: Snapshot reversion will likely cause replication to fail. Depending on severity, we could attempt to revert memory-included snapshots for both PDC and BDC near simultaneously


Relevant port references gratefully taken from

- udp 88  - kerberos
- udp 53  - dns
- udp 389 - cldap
- tcp 135 - rpc portmapper
- tcp 139 - SMB/CIFS
- tcp 389 - ldap
- tcp 445 - SMB/CIFS
- tcp 1024, 1025, 1026 - RPC