Difference between revisions of "Bidirectional Rsync/osync based SysVol replication workaround"

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m (/* first update before testing, fixed download url etc)
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= Information on Osync replication =
 
= Information on Osync replication =
  
This HowTo describes a solution for SysVol replication, that is based on Osync, which is two way sync system based on rsync. This howto covers the bidirectional synchronization of two DC servers.
+
This HowTo describes a solution for SysVol replication based on Osync, which uses rsync to give two way sync between systems. This howto covers the bidirectional synchronization of two DC servers.
  
 
This solution has the following advantages:  
 
This solution has the following advantages:  
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== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
  
There aren't any deb or rpm packages as osync is a script, but you can get a copy here:
+
There are no deb or rpm packages available this is because osync is a script, but you can get a copy here: [https://github.com/deajan/osync/releases]https://github.com/deajan/osync/releases
[http://www.netpower.fr/projects/osync/osync.v1.00a.tar.gz]http://www.netpower.fr/projects/osync/osync.v1.00a.tar.gz
 
  
Get the latest version at github : [https://github.com/deajan/osync/releases]https://github.com/deajan/osync/releases
+
Once you have downloaded the tarball, you can install osync with the following commands
 
+
  tar xvf osync.v1.1.1.tar.gz
You can then install osync with the following commands
 
  tar xvf osync.v1.00a.tar.gz
 
 
  cd ./osync
 
  cd ./osync
 
  sh ./install.sh
 
  sh ./install.sh
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=== Setup on the Domain Controller with the PDC Emulator FSMO role ===
 
=== Setup on the Domain Controller with the PDC Emulator FSMO role ===
Some assumption:
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Some assumptions:
* You are running all command as root.
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* You will run all commands as root.
* rsync is installed on both servers
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* sysvol is located at /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol on both DC1 and DC2
* sysvol is located /var/lib/samba/sysvol on both DC1 and DC2
 
 
* osync is located /usr/local/bin/osync
 
* osync is located /usr/local/bin/osync
 
* sync.conf is located /etc/osync/sync.conf
 
* sync.conf is located /etc/osync/sync.conf
* DC1 is at DC1
+
* The first DC is called DC1
* DC2 is at DC2 (And already join DC1)
+
* The second DC is called DC2 (And already join DC1)
 
* sysvolsync log is located /var/log/osync_*.log
 
* sysvolsync log is located /var/log/osync_*.log
 +
* rsync is installed on both servers
 
* rsync must support extended ACLs
 
* rsync must support extended ACLs
* Install rsync by using your package manager (eg: yum install rsync or apt-get install rsync) or compile from source. Make sure, that you use a version that supports extended ACLs (most versions do)!
+
* Install rsync by using your package manager (eg: yum install rsync or apt-get install rsync) or compile from source. Make sure that you use a version that supports extended ACLs (most versions do)!
* sysvol must be on disk which is mounted to support acl and also xattr
+
* The partition holding sysvol must be mounted on a filesystem that supports acl and also xattr
* We don't need to setup rsync server.
+
* You haven't setup rsync as a deamon.
  
Change the path if that don't fit your setup.
+
Change path's if they don't fit in with your setup.
  
 
==== Creating SSH Public Key and ssh-copy to DC2====
 
==== Creating SSH Public Key and ssh-copy to DC2====
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  #!/usr/bin/env bash
 
  #!/usr/bin/env bash
  SYNC_ID="sysvol_sync"
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  INSTANCE_ID="sysvol_sync"
  MASTER_SYNC_DIR="/var/lib/samba/sysvol"
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  INITIATOR_SYNC_DIR="/usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol"
  SLAVE_SYNC_DIR="ssh://root@DC2:22//var/lib/samba/sysvol"
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  TARGET_SYNC_DIR="ssh://root@DC2:22//usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol"
 
  SSH_RSA_PRIVATE_KEY="/root/.ssh/id_rsa"
 
  SSH_RSA_PRIVATE_KEY="/root/.ssh/id_rsa"
 
  PRESERVE_ACL=yes
 
  PRESERVE_ACL=yes
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Osync also does backups and soft deletes which will keep a copy of deleted files and folders in a subfolder named .osync_workdir.  
 
Osync also does backups and soft deletes which will keep a copy of deleted files and folders in a subfolder named .osync_workdir.  
 
Unless you have specific reasons to do so, leave these options enabled.
 
Unless you have specific reasons to do so, leave these options enabled.
Osync has one benefit as it will only send email alert if there is problem.
+
Osync will an send email alert if there is a problem.
  
 
=== Setup on DC2 ===
 
=== Setup on DC2 ===
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  scp /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb root@DC2:/var/lib/samba/private/
 
  scp /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb root@DC2:/var/lib/samba/private/
  
== 1st Try ==  
+
== 1st Try ==
 +
 
 +
FIXME: this is something to do with Unison
 +
 
 
What happen is we use rsync to create the directory structure with extended attributes
 
What happen is we use rsync to create the directory structure with extended attributes
 
Than unison setup copies only the extened attributes on files.
 
Than unison setup copies only the extened attributes on files.

Revision as of 18:23, 26 August 2016

Introduction

Samba AD currently doesn't provide support for SysVol replication. To achive this important feature in a Multi-DC environment, until it's implemented, workarounds are necessary to keep it in sync. This HowTo provides a basic workaround solution based on Osync.

Information on Osync replication

This HowTo describes a solution for SysVol replication based on Osync, which uses rsync to give two way sync between systems. This howto covers the bidirectional synchronization of two DC servers.

This solution has the following advantages:

  • setup is fast
  • configuration is very easy
  • Can work with windows (Windows can be used as master using the MinGW environment)

Osnyc uses rsync through a SSH tunnel.

Setup the SysVol replication

Installation

There are no deb or rpm packages available this is because osync is a script, but you can get a copy here: [1]https://github.com/deajan/osync/releases

Once you have downloaded the tarball, you can install osync with the following commands

tar xvf osync.v1.1.1.tar.gz
cd ./osync
sh ./install.sh

This will copy osync to /usr/local/bin and create an example configuration file at /etc/osync/sync.conf

Setup on the Domain Controller with the PDC Emulator FSMO role

Some assumptions:

  • You will run all commands as root.
  • sysvol is located at /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol on both DC1 and DC2
  • osync is located /usr/local/bin/osync
  • sync.conf is located /etc/osync/sync.conf
  • The first DC is called DC1
  • The second DC is called DC2 (And already join DC1)
  • sysvolsync log is located /var/log/osync_*.log
  • rsync is installed on both servers
  • rsync must support extended ACLs
  • Install rsync by using your package manager (eg: yum install rsync or apt-get install rsync) or compile from source. Make sure that you use a version that supports extended ACLs (most versions do)!
  • The partition holding sysvol must be mounted on a filesystem that supports acl and also xattr
  • You haven't setup rsync as a deamon.

Change path's if they don't fit in with your setup.

Creating SSH Public Key and ssh-copy to DC2

ssh-keygen -t dsa
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub root@DC2

You can try to access DC2 via ssh

ssh DC2

Osync Configuration Setup on DC1

Edit the /etc/osync/sync.conf and make some changes

#!/usr/bin/env bash
INSTANCE_ID="sysvol_sync"
INITIATOR_SYNC_DIR="/usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol"
TARGET_SYNC_DIR="ssh://root@DC2:22//usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol"
SSH_RSA_PRIVATE_KEY="/root/.ssh/id_rsa"
PRESERVE_ACL=yes
PRESERVE_XATTR=yes
SOFT_DELETE=yes
DESTINATION_MAILS="your@email.com"

Osync also does backups and soft deletes which will keep a copy of deleted files and folders in a subfolder named .osync_workdir. Unless you have specific reasons to do so, leave these options enabled. Osync will an send email alert if there is a problem.

Setup on DC2

  • On DC2 Install rsync by using your package manager or compile from source. Make sure, that you use a version that supports extended ACLs!
  • Shutdown DC2 Samba AD DC
mv /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb.backup"
rm /var/cache/samba/gencache.tdb"
  • Copy idmap.ldb from DC1 to sync the idmap.
  • Run the following command on DC1
scp /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb root@DC2:/var/lib/samba/private/

1st Try

FIXME: this is something to do with Unison

What happen is we use rsync to create the directory structure with extended attributes Than unison setup copies only the extened attributes on files.


Before starting, make a backup of your sysvol just in case.

/usr/local/bin/osync.sh /etc/osync/sync.conf --dry --verbose

If this runs successfully, you may remove the --dry option and run again.

/usr/local/bin/osync.sh /etc/osync/sync.conf --verbose

Add to Crontab on DC1

On DC1 run the following:

crontab -e 
*/5 * * * * root  /usr/local/bin/osync.sh /etc/osync/sync.conf --silent
Warning: Make sure that the destination folder is really your SysVol folder, because the command will replicate to the given directory and sync everything in it that isn't also on the source! You could damage your system! So check the output carefully to see if the replication is doing, what you expect!

When you try to resync the folder

Warning: Please follow the steps below OR you can end up with an empty sysvol folder.
  1. Disable Cron on DC1, like Add a "#" on the line with crontab -e
  2. Check is any rsync or osync are currently running in ps -aux | grep sync if yes, wait for it to finished OR kill it (if it is zombie)
  3. Remove the .osync_workdir hash files on both DC1 and DC2 on MASTER/SLAVE_SYNC_DIR "/var/lib/samba/sysvol"
  4. Now check your sysvol and resync
  5. Confirm that everything is working again
  6. Re-enable the Cron on DC1 again

FAQ

  • How can I do this on windows?
    • Install the MSYS bash environment (read the osync documentation), then you may run osync as master from Windows.
  • What to do if I've more than one DC?
    • By Theory, We would just make more cron jobs on DC1 and the complete sync will be perform next sync to all server. (Not tested)
    • Something like:
    • DC1 <> DC2
    • DC1 <> DC3
    • DC1 <> DC2


  • Why can't I simply use a distributed filesystem like GlusterFS, Lustre, etc. for SysVol?
    • A cluster file system with Samba requires CTDB to be able to do it safely. And CTDB and AD DC are incompatible. Please check on the reply from Samba Developer on the mailing list .